Atal Bihar Vajpayee


Atal Bihar Vajpayee

Atal Bihari Vajpayee was born on 25 December 1924 was an Indian politician who worked as three terms as the Prime Minister of India: first for a term of 13 days in 1996, then for a period of 13 months from 1998 to 1999, and finally, for a full term from 1999 to 2004. A representative of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), he was the first Indian prime minister who was not a representative of the Indian National Congress party to have served a full five-year term in office. He breathed his last on 16 August 2018, after a prolonged illness.

Early life and political

Atal Bihari Vajpayee was born on 25 December 1924 in Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh to a middle-class Brahmin family of Shri Krishna Bihari Vajpayee and Smt. Krishna Devi. Pandit Shyam Lal Vajpayee, the grandfather of Atal Bihari Vajpayee, had gone to Gwalior from their ancestral village Bateshwar in Uttar Pradesh. His father was a school teacher and a poet. Atal Bihar Vajpayee accomplished his schooling from Saraswati Shishu Mandir, Gorkhi in Gwalior. He finished his graduation in Hindi, Sanskrit, and English from Victoria College in Gwalior, now known as Laxmi Bai College. Thereafter, he studied in DAV College, Kanpur and completed his M.A. in Political Science with a first-class degree.

Political career

His first interaction with politics occurred in August 1942 at the time of the Quit India Movement. Vajpayee and his elder brother Prem got arrested for 23 days. He joined the Bharatiya Jana Sangh when it was originally formed in 1951 and subsequently, he was motivated by the party leader Shri Syama Prasad Mookerjee. Vajpayee was with Shri Shyama Prasad Mookerjee when the latter observed a fast unto death in 1951 in Kashmir against the supposed inferior treatment shown towards non-Kashmiri visitors. At the time of this strike, Shri Shyama Prasad Mookerjee died in prison. Vajpayee studied law for some time but did not finish the course as he was more inclined towards journalism. This selection might have been influenced by the fact that he had been an activist in India’s freedom struggle since his student life. He worked as an editor to publications like Panchjanya, a Hindi weekly; Rashtradharma, a Hindi monthly; and dailies like Veer Arjun and Swadesh. In 1951, he was one of the founders and representatives of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh.

Positions held by Atal Bihari Vajpayee

In 1957, Atal was elected as a representative of the 2nd Lok Sabha.

From 1957 to 1977, Vajpayee was the Leader of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh in the Parliament.

In 1962, he became a representative of the Rajya Sabha.

From 1966 to 1967, he was the Chairman of the Committee on Government Assurances.

In 1967, he was elected as a representative of the 4th Lok Sabha for the second term.

From 1967 to 1970, he remained the Chairman of the Committee on Public Accounts.

From 1968 to 1973, he served as the President of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh.

In 1971, he was elected as a representative of the 5th Lok Sabha for the third term.

In 1977, he was elected as a representative of the 6th Lok Sabha for the fourth term.

From 1977 to 1979, he was the Union Cabinet Minister of External Affairs.

From 1977 to 1980, he was one of the founders and representatives of the Janata Party.

In 1980, he was elected as a representative of the 7th Lok Sabha for the fifth term.

From 1980 to 1986, he was the President of the Bharatiya Janata Party.

From 1980 to 1984, in 1986 and from 1993 to 1996, he was the Leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party in the Parliament.

In 1986, he became the representative of the Rajya Sabha. He was made the representative of the General Purposes Committee.

From 1988 to 1990, he remained the representative of the Business Advisory Committee and the House Committee.

From 1990 to 1991, he was the Chairman of the Committee on Petitions.

In 1991, he was elected as a representative of the 10th Lok Sabha for the sixth term.

From 1991 to 1993, Vajpayee was the Chairman of the Committee on Public Accounts.

From 1993 to 1996, Vajpayee was the Chairman of the External Affairs Committee. He was also the Leader of Opposition in the Lok Sabha.

In 1996, he was elected as a representative of the 11th Lok Sabha for the seventh term.

From 16 May 1996 to 31 May 1996, Vajpayee served his first term as the Prime Minister of India.

From 1996 to 1997, Vajpayee was the Leader of Opposition in the Lok Sabha.

From 1997 to 1998, Vajpayee was the Chairman of the External Affairs Committee.

In 1998, he was elected as a representative of the 12th Lok Sabha for the eighth term.

From 1998 to 1999, he served as the Prime Minister of India for the second time. He was also the External Affairs Minister and in charge of ministries and departments that were not specifically allotted to any minister.

In 1999, he was elected as a representative of the 13th Lok Sabha for the ninth term.

From 13 October 1999 to 13 May 2004, he served as the Prime Minister of India for the third time. He was also in charge of the ministries and departments that were not specifically allotted to any minister.

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