The Central Administrative Tribunal had been set up under Article 323 – A of the Constitution for adjudication of disputes and complaints with the condition to recruitment and conditions of service of persons appointed to public services and posts in connection with the affairs of the Union or other authorities under the control of the Government.
The Central Administrative Tribunal is lead by Hon’ble Chairman Sh. Justice L. Narasimha Reddy, former Chief Justice of High Court of Patna. There are 66 Hon’ble Members in different Benches of the Tribunal out of which 33 are Judicial Members, covering the Hon’ble Chairman and 33 are Administrative Members. Subject to other provisions of the Act, a Bench consists of one Judicial Member and one Administrative Member.
The Central Administrative Tribunal has been set up as a specialist body comprising of Administrative Members and Judicial Members who by virtue of their specialized knowledge are better equipped to dispense speedy and effective justice. The rules of service of Hon’ble Chairman and Members are the same as applicable to a Judge of High Court as per the Administrative Tribunals (Amendment) Act, 2006 (1 of 2007), which came into effect on 19.02.2007.
There are 17 Benches and 21 Circuit Benches in the Central Administrative Tribunal whole of India. Additionally, the Ministries and Departments of Central Government, the Government of India has notified about 214 organizations under section 14 (2) of the Administrative Tribunals Act, 1985 to bring them within the jurisdiction of the Central Administrative Tribunal, from time to time. Additionally the Central Administrative Tribunal, Principal Bench is dealing with the matters of Govt. of National Capital Territory of Delhi.
The Tribunal is headed by the principles of natural justice in deciding cases and is not bound by the procedure, prescribed by the Civil Procedure Code.
The Central Administrative Tribunal is empowered to frame its own conditions of procedure and practice. Under the prescribed provision of the Act, the Central Administrative Tribunal (Procedure) Rules, 1987 and Central Administrative Tribunal Rules of Practice, 1993 have been notified to ensure smooth functioning of the Tribunal.
Presently the Central Administrative Tribunal has initiated an ambitious Plan Scheme for modernization and computerization of its activities by a new dynamic website, Case Information System, Video Conferencing etc. This programme, on completion, will facilitate the litigants, lawyers, researchers, and the public, in general, to access the orders and judgments of the Tribunal on real-time basis besides efficient maintenance & management of records and speedy disposal of cases.