The Central Vigilance Commission was established by the Government in February 1964 on the recommendations of the Committee on Prevention of Corruption, led by Shri K. Santhanam, to advise and guide Central Government agencies in the field of vigilance.
CVC is conceived to be the major vigilance institution, free of control from any executive authority, monitoring all vigilance activity under the Central Government and advising various authorities in Central Government organizations in planning, executing, reviewing and reforming their vigilance tasks.
Results upon promulgation of an Ordinance by the President, the Central Vigilance Commission has been made a multi-member Commission with “statutory status” with effect from 25th August 1998.
The CVC Bill was passed by both the houses of Parliament in 2003 and the President provided its assent on September 11, 2003. Thus the Central Vigilance Commission Act 2003 (No45 0f 2003) came into action from that date.
The Commission shall comprise of:
- A Central Vigilance Commissioner – Chairperson
- Not more than two Vigilance Commissioners – Members
Vide GOI Resolution on “Public Interest Disclosure and Protection of Informer” dated April 2004, the Government of India has authorized the Central Vigilance Commission as the “Designated Agency” to get written complaints about disclosure on any allegation of corruption or misuse of office and recommend appropriate action.
Roles & Functions
- Exercise superintendence over the functioning of the Delhi Special Police Establishment (CBI) insofar as it concerned to the investigation of offenses under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988; or an offense under the Cr.PC for certain categories of public servants – section 8(1)(a);
- Give directions to the Delhi Special Police Establishment (CBI) for superintendence insofar as it concerned to the investigation of offenses under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 – section 8(1)(b);
- To inquire or cause an inquiry or investigation to be created on a reference by the Central Government – section 8(1)(c);
- To inquire or cause an inquiry or investigation to be made into any complaint get against any official belonging to such category of officials specified in subsection 2 of Section 8 of the CVC Act, 2003 – section 8(1)(d);
- Review the progress of investigations organized by the DSPE into offenses alleged to have been committed under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 or an offense under the Cr.PC – section (8)(1)(e);
- Review the progress of the applications pending with the competent authorities for sanction of prosecution in the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 – section 8(1)(f);
- Tender advice to the Central Government and its organizations on such issues as may be referred to it by the – section 8(1) (g);
- Exercise superintendence over the vigilance administrations of the different Central Government Ministries, Departments and Organizations of the Central Government – section 8(1)(h);
- Shall have every the power of a Civil court while conducting any inquiry – section 11;
- Feedback to Central Government on important consultation with the Commission before making any rules or regulations governing the vigilance or disciplinary issues relating to the persons appointed to the public services and posts in connection with the affairs of the Union or to members of the All India Services – section 19.
- The Central Vigilance Commissioner (CVC) is the Chairperson and the Vigilance Commissioners (persons) of the Committee, on whose recommendations, the Central Government appoints the Director of Enforcement – section 25.
- The Committee related with the appointment of the Director of Enforcement is also empowered to recommend, post-consultation with the Director of Enforcement appointment of officers to the posts of the level of Deputy Director and above in the Directorate of Enforcement – section 25;
- The Central Vigilance Commissioner (CVC) is also the Chairperson and the Vigilance Commissioners (person) of the Committee empowered to recommend after consultation with Director (CBI), appointment of officers to the post of the level of SP and above leaving Director and also recommend the extension or curtailment of duration of such officers in the DSPE (CBI) – Section 26 and Section 4C of DSPE Act, 1946.