The Criminal Investigation Department (CID), also called as Crime Investigation Department in some states is the investigation and intelligence wing of State Police forces in India.
Formation and organization
The CID was created by the British Government in 1902, rooted in the recommendations of the Police Commission. At the entrance of the CID office at Gokhale Marg, Lucknow, there is a portrait of Rai Bahadur Pandit Shambhu Nath, King’s Police Medalist (KPM) and Member of British Empire (MBE) with a caption “Father of Indian CID”. In 1929, the CID was divided into Special Branch, CID and the Crime Branch (CB-CID).
The CID has various branches which work from state to state. These branches include:
- Anti-Human Trafficking & Missing Persons Cell
- Anti-Narcotics Cell
- Finger Print Bureau
- Anti-Terrorism wing
Crime Branch CID
CB-CID is a special wing in the CID led by the Additional Director General of Police (ADGP) and helped by the Inspector General of Police (IGP). This bench investigates serious crimes including murder, riots, forgery, counterfeiting, and cases entrusted to CB-CID by the state government or the High Court.