A small Indian non-profit funded by Bloomberg Philanthropies will not be permitted to carry out tobacco-control work in New Delhi after it failed to disclose its funding, according to a city government official and a memo seen by Reuters.
Other foreign-funded organizations will be required to seek prior approval in the future for anti-tobacco activities in Delhi, the official also said.
The Delhi government’s decision comes amid same moves by Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s administration, which has since 2014 tightened surveillance of foreign-funded non-governmental organizations (NGOs), saying many of them operated against India’s national interests.
Thousands of charities’ licenses have been canceled for misreporting donations in few years. Reuters reported last year that India had discreetly investigated how Bloomberg Philanthropies, founded by billionaire Michael Bloomberg, funds local non-profit groups for anti-tobacco lobbying.
In the latest case, a Bloomberg-backed NGO, Socio-Economic and Educational Development Society (SEEDS), had approached the Delhi government to collaborate on tobacco control but did not share its foreign funding explanation when asked, the city’s chief tobacco control officer SK Arora told Reuters on Monday.
His decision not to permit SEEDS to carry out tobacco-control activities in the city is aimed at promoting funding transparency, Mr. Arora said, adding that he remained fully committed to tobacco control.
Mr. Arora stated that SEEDS had proposed advising the state government on tobacco-control policy matters.
The head of SEEDS, Deepak Mishra, said he had not got any order from the Delhi government. On reviewing the note shared by Reuters, he said SEEDS was working on tobacco control with two state governments and would discuss the matter with Mr. Arora. SEEDS has yet to start its work in Delhi and Mishra declined to disclose the funding he receives from Bloomberg.
A spokeswoman for Bloomberg Philanthropies, Jean Weinberg, did not answer to a request for comment.
An anti-tobacco activist in India, who did not wish to be named, stated the Delhi government’s decision would set a worrying precedent. “This is sending a wrong message. They are basically deterring tobacco control,” the activist said.
The government has stepped up scrutiny of NGOs registered in the Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA) in recent years. In 2015, it put the Ford Foundation on a watch list and suspended Greenpeace India’s FCRA license, drawing criticism from the United States.
The FCRA license of at least one Bloomberg-funded group — the Institute of Public Health Bengaluru — has not been renewed in the last two years, in part due to the Home Ministry’s investigation into the foundation’s funding activities.
A 2016 note from the Home Ministry, which Reuters reviewed last year, stated the Bloomberg charity successfully lobbied for the introduction of bigger health warnings on cigarette packs and raised concerns that the foundation was running a campaign to “target” Indian tobacco businesses.
The Health Ministry, in contrast, has promoted tobacco-control, establishing several campaigns to deter its use.
More than 900,000 people die each year in India due to tobacco-related illnesses.
The Delhi state government’s latest order on the Bloomberg-backed SEEDS, published on November 20, also comprises a warning for other non-profits. The note has not previously been reported.
“These days, the government of India is very particular on international fundings& is investigating the actual objectives of several international funding agencies comprising Bloomberg,” Mr. Arora wrote in his note, referring to the federal government.
All non-profits having international funding from Bloomberg or other sources are “wholly prohibited to execute any activity under tobacco control” unless approved by the state government, the circular said.