ESSO-INCOIS was set up as an autonomous body in 1999 under the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) and is a unit of the Earth System Science Organization (ESSO). ESSO- INCOIS is mandated to give the best possible ocean information and advisory services to society, industry, government agencies and the scientific community through sustained ocean observations and regular improvements through systematic and focused research.
- Grand’s round-the-clock monitoring and warning services for the coastal population on tsunamis, storm surges, high waves, etc. by the in-house Indian Tsunami Early Warning Centre (ITEWC). The Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO designated ITEWC as a Regional Tsunami Service Provider (RTSP) to give tsunami warnings to countries on the Indian Ocean Rim.
- Aid daily advisories to fisher folk to help them easily locate areas of abundant fish in the ocean while saving on both fuel and time used to search for the same. These advisories called Potential Fishing Zone Advisories are issued in Hindi, English and 8 vernacular languages. Presently more than one lakh fisherfolk successfully use these advisories obtained through SMS, Village Information Centres, local radio, local TV, Electronic Display Boards at fish landing centers, NGO websites, the ESSO-INCOIS website etc.
- Short-term (3-7 days) Ocean State Forecasts (waves, currents, sea surface temperature, etc.) are published daily to fisherfolk, the shipping industry, the oil and natural gas industry, the Navy, the Coast Guard, etc. These forecasts inform users about the expected sea conditions in the next few days and help them to plan their activities at sea.
- Deploys and organize a suite of Ocean Observing Systems in the Indian Ocean to collect data on various oceanic parameters to understand the processes in the ocean and to predict their changes.
- Organize systematic quality checks and archives all observational, satellite and other oceanic data at the ESSO-INCOIS Data Centre and then makes such information available to students, researchers and any other users. ESSO-INCOIS has been designated as the ‘National Oceanographic Data Centre’ by IOC/IODE of UNESCO and is also identified as the ‘Regional Argo Data Centre for the Indian Ocean’.
- Generates Global Ocean Analysis data using mathematical models and observations on a daily basis to give the initial conditions to ocean-atmosphere coupled models used for the prediction of the monsoon and to understand oceanic processes.
- Carries out Research and Modeling to optimize the performance of mathematical models utilized for ocean state forecasts, prediction of tsunami waves, storm surges, etc. along the coast.
- Set up a national network (Indian Seismic and GNSS Network (ISGN)) that integrates Seismic and GNSS stations and provides high-quality data for research and operational use.
- EstablishSet up a VSAT aided Emergency Communication System (VECS) (a fail-safe satellite-based communication system) to give tsunami warnings with the least possible time delay even when there is a failure in conventional communication systems.
- Set up high-performance computing systems and data communication networks at ESSO-INCOIS with 100% redundancy and reliability to support the computational needs of ocean state forecast models etc.
- Training and capacity building for students, young researchers in India and Indian Ocean Rim Countries by short and long duration training courses in Operational Oceanography at the International Training Centre for Operational Oceanography (ITCOocean) et up at ESSO-INCOIS. ESSO-INCOIS signed a MoA with IOC/UNESCO in July 2013 to collaborate in training and capacity development activities.