Muthuvel Karunanidhi Stalin was born on 1 March 1953, is also known as M. K. Stalin, and is an Indian politician from Tamil Nadu and president of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) political party. He was the 37th Mayor of Chennai from 1996 to 2002 and 1st Deputy Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu from 2009 to 2011. Stalin was appointed as the Working President of the DMK on 4 January 2017. On 28 August 2018, he was chosen unanimously as the DMK Chief after Karunanidhi’s death.
Early life and family
Stalin is the third son of 3rd Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu and DMK Chief M. Karunanidhi and was born to his second wife, Dayalu Ammal. Stalin accomplished his graduation in history from Presidency College, Chennai in the University of Madras. Stalin selected as the Minister for Rural Development and Local Administration in the Government of Tamil Nadu after the 2006 Assembly elections. On 29 May 2009, Stalin was chosen as Deputy Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu by Governor Surjit Singh Barnala.
K. Stalin was born in Madras, now Chennai, on 1 March 1953. He was named after Joseph Stalin, who died four days later. His political career began when, as a 14-year-old, he ran campaigned in the 1967 elections. In 1973, Stalin was elected to the General Committee of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK).
He came to focus when he was jailed under the Maintenance of Internal Security Act (MISA) for protesting against the Emergency. Stalin has been chosen for four times to the Tamil Nadu Assembly since 1989 from the Thousand Lights constituency in Chennai. Stalin became the city’s first directly appointed Mayor in 1996.
Stalin was re-elected Mayor in 2001, however, Chief Minister J. Jayalalithaa approved the Tamil Nadu Municipal Laws (Amendment) Act, 2002, a law that avoids a person from holding two elected posts in the government. This law was applied retrospectively to Stalin’s case (he was elected MLA) in a move widely seen as focused at removing as Chennai’s Mayor. However, the Madras High Court struck down the law stating that legislative bodies were not “prevented” from making laws affecting the “substantive rights” of persons retrospectively. However, the court held under Madras (now Chennai) City Municipal Corporation Act, 1919, a person cannot be Mayor for two consecutive rules though unlike Stalin earlier mayors were not directly elected.
Stalin has been arrested several times on certain public issues since he was first arrested in 1975 under MISA, which is close to the Terrorism and Goondas Acts. Hard physical punishment has been imposed on him previously. Karunanidhi midnight arrest in which Karunanidhi, Stalin, Maran, and others were arrested and ruled in the flyover scam. This was widely known to be an act of political vendetta, as the FIR or police complaint was lodged on Friday night and the arrests were carried out only a few hours later on Saturday morning. While the arrests took place in 2001, the charge sheet was only filed in court four years later, in 2005. Stalin publicly accused V. K. Sasikala of Jayalalithaa’s death. He claimed that if Jayalalithaa’s death is probed, she’d be in jail for life. Karunanidhi who died on August 7 after a prolonged illness, having a tenure of his life made it clear that Stalin will be his successor.