The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) is the major agency in the administrative structure of the Central Government for the planning, promotion, co-ordination and overseeing the implementation of the country’s environmental and forestry policies and programmes.
The major concerns of the Ministry are the implementation of policies and programmes concerning to conservation of the country’s natural resources including its lakes and rivers, its biodiversity, forests and wildlife, ensuring the welfare of animals, and the avoiding and abatement of pollution. While implementing these policies and scheme, the Ministry is led by the principle of sustainable development and the enhancement of human well-being.
The Ministry also works as the main agency in the country for the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), South Asia Co-operative Environment Programme (SACEP), International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) and for the follow-up of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED). The Ministry is also entrusted with matters relating to multilateral bodies such as the Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD), Global Environment Facility (GEF) and of regional bodies like Economic and Social Council for Asia and Pacific (ESCAP) and South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation (SAARC) on matters pertaining to the environment.
The main objectives of the Ministry are:
- Conservation and survey of flora, fauna, forests, and wildlife
- Prevention and control of pollution
- Afforestation and regeneration of degraded areas
- Protection of the environment and
- Ensuring the welfare of animals
These goals are well supported by a set of legislative and regulatory measures, aimed at the preservation, conservation, and protection of the environment. Other than this the legislative measures, the National Conservation Strategy and Policy Statement on Environment and Development, 1992; National Forest Policy, 1988; Policy Statement on Abatement of Pollution, 1992; and the National Environment Policy, 2006 also guide the Ministry’s work.