The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) provides multifarious responsibilities, the vital among them being – internal security, border management, Centre-State relations, administration of Union Territories, management of Central Armed Police Forces, disaster management, etc.
Within terms of Entries 1 and 2 of List II – ‘State List’ – in the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India, ‘public order’ and ‘police’ are the responsibilities of States, Article 355 of the Constitution enjoins the Union to safeguard every State against external aggression and internal disturbance and to ensure that the Government of every State is carried on in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution.
In pursuance of these obligations, the Ministry of Home Affairs continuously monitors the internal security situation, issues appropriate advisories, shares intelligence inputs, extends manpower and financial support, support and expertise to the State Governments for maintenance of security, peace, and harmony without encroaching upon the constitutional rights of the States.
DEPARTMENTS OF MHA
Department Of Border Management
Department of Border Management, regulating with the management of borders, covering coastal borders, strengthening of border guarding and creation of related infrastructure, border areas development, etc
Department Of Internal Security
Department of Internal Security, dealing with the Indian Police Service, Central Police Forces, internal security and law & order,insurgency, terrorism, Naxalism, activities of inimical foreign agencies, terrorist financing, rehabilitation, grant of visa and other immigration matters, security clearances,”Protection of Human Rights Act and also matters relating to National integration and Communal Harmony and Ayodhya”, etc
Department Of J & K Affairs
Department Jammu & Kashmir Division covers the Constitutional provisions with respect to the State of Jammu and Kashmir, administration of the Armed Forces(J&K) Special Powers Act,1990 (21 of 1990) and all matters relating to the State of Jammu and Kashmir, enveloping counter-terrorism within Jammu and Kashmir and coordination in respect of subjects/matters specifically allotted to any other Ministry/Department like coordination with Ministry of Defence as regards manning and managing the line of control between India and Pakistan, but avoiding those with which the Ministry of External Affairs is concerned. The Division also coordinates with different Ministries/Departments, primarily concerned with development and welfare activities in Jammu and Kashmir.
Department Of Home
Dealing with the notification of assumption of office by the President and Vice-President, notification of appointment/resignation of the Prime Minister, Ministers, Governors, nomination to Rajya Sabha/Lok Sabha, Census of the population, registration of births and deaths, etc
Department Of Official Language
Coordinating with the implementation of the provisions of the Constitution relating to official languages and the provision of the Official Languages Act, 1963.
Department Of States
Dealing with Centre-State relations, Inter-State relations, administration of Union Territories, Freedom Fighters’ pension, Human rights, Prison Reforms, Police Reforms, etc.
The Department of Internal Security, Department of States, Department of Home, Department of Jammu and Kashmir Affairs and Department of Border Management do not work in watertight compartments. They all work under the Union Home Secretary and are inter-linked. There is a designated Secretary for Department of Border Management and Internal Security also.