Ministry of Human Resource Development

Ministry of Human Resource Development


The essence of Human Resource Development is education, which plays an important and remedial role in balancing the socio-economic fabric of the Country. Since citizens of the country are its most valuable resource, our billion-strong nation needs the nurture and care in the form of basic education to achieve a better quality of life. This warrants an all-round development of our citizens, which can be gained by building strong foundations in education. In the commencement of this mission, the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) was created on September 26, 1985, through the 174th amendment to the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules, 1961. Presently, the MHRD works through two departments:

  • Department of School Education & Literacy
  • Department of Higher Education

While the Department of School Education & Literacy is undertaken for the development of school education and literacy in the country, the Department of Higher Education takes care of what is one of the biggest Higher Education systems of the world, just after the United States and China.

The Dept of SE & L has its objective on the “universalization of education” and making better citizens out of our young brigade. For this, different new projects and initiatives are taken up regularly and recently, those schemes and initiatives have also started paying dividends in the form of growing enrolment in schools.

The Dept of HE, on the other hand, is engaged in bringing world-class opportunities of higher education and research to India so that Indian students are not finding lacking when facing an international platform. To solve this purpose, the Government has launched joint ventures and signed MoUs to help the Indian student benefit from the world opinion.


The main objectives of the Ministry would be:

  • Establishing the National Policy on Education and to ensure that it is implemented in letter and spirit
  • The planned development, covering expanding access and improving the quality of the educational institutions throughout the country, covering in the regions where people do not have easy access to education.
  • Paying particular attention to disadvantaged groups like the poor, females and the minorities
  • Grant financial help in the form of scholarships, loan subsidy, etc to deserving students from deprived sections of the society.
  • Enhancing international cooperation in the field of education, covering working closely with the UNESCO and foreign governments as well as Universities, to encourage educational opportunities in the country
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