The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) is the major Ministry of the Government of India for all matters relating to new and renewable energy. The broad goal of the Ministry is to develop and deploy new and renewable energy for supplementing the energy requirements of the country.
The responsibility of new and renewable energy has been assuming increasing significance in recent times with the growing concern for the country’s energy security. Energy self-sufficiency was identified as the basic driver for new and renewable energy in the country in the wake of the two oil shocks of the 1970s. The instant increase in the price of oil, uncertainties associated with its supply and the adverse impact on the balance of payments position led to the establishment of the Commission for Additional Sources of Energy in the Department of Science & Technology in March 1981.
The Commission was undertaken with the responsibility of formulating policies and their implementation, programmes for the development of new and renewable energy apart from coordinating and intensifying R&D in the sector. In 1982, a new department, i.e., Department of Non-conventional Energy Sources (DNES), that incorporated CASE, was established in the then Ministry of Energy. In 1992, DNES became the Ministry of Non-conventional Energy Sources. In October 2006, the Ministry was re-framed as the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.
The Mission of the Ministry is to ensure:
- Energy Security: decrease in dependence on oil imports through the development and deployment of alternative fuels (hydrogen, biofuels and synthetic fuels) and their applications to contribute towards bridging the gap between domestic oil supply and demand
- Increase in the share of clean power: Renewable (bio, wind, hydro, solar, geothermal & tidal) electricity to supplement fossil fuel based electricity generation
- Energy Availability and Access: Supplement energy needs of cooking, heating, motive power and captive generation in rural, urban, industrial and commercial sectors
- Energy Affordability: Cost-competitive, convenient, safe, and reliable new and renewable energy supply options;
- Energy Equity: Per-capita energy consumption at par with the global average level by 2050, by a sustainable and diverse fuel- mix.
Main functions of the ministry:
Helps research, design, development, manufacture, and deployment of new and renewable energy systems/devices for transportation, portable and stationary applications in rural, urban, industrial and commercial sectors through:
- Technology Mapping and Benchmarking
- Survey Research, Design, Development and Manufacture thrust areas and facilitate the same;
- Lay down rules, specifications and performance parameters at par with international levels and facilitate industry in attaining the same
- Measure costs of new and renewable energy products and services with international levels and facilitate industry in attaining the same
- Proper international level quality assurance accreditation and facilitate industry in obtaining the same
- Give sustained feedback to manufacturers on performance parameters of new and renewable energy products and services with the aim of effecting continuous upgradation so as to attain international levels in the shortest possible time span
- Help industry in becoming internationally competitive and a net foreign exchange earner especially through (ii) to (v) above and related measures
- Resource study, Assessment, Mapping, and Dissemination.
- Acknowledge areas in which new and renewable energy products and services need to be deployed in keeping with the goal of national energy security and energy independence
- A deployment strategy for different indigenously developed and manufactured new and renewable energy products and services
- Provision of cost-competitive new and renewable energy supply criteria