The Ministry of Power is an Indian government ministry. The present Union Minister of State (Independent charge) is R.K. Singh. The ministry is charged with overseeing electricity production and infrastructure development, covering generation, transmission, and delivery, as well as maintenance projects. India faces problems in electrical supply and delivery and is often unable to meet demand, even in very large cities.
The Ministry of Power is majorly responsible for evolving general policy in the field of energy. The primary items of work dealt with by the Ministry of Power are as below :
- General Policy in the electric power sector and issues concerning energy policy and coordination thereof. (Details of short, medium and long-term policies in terms of formulation, acceptance, implementation, and review of such policies, cutting across sectors, fuels, regions and intra country, and inter-country flows.
- All issues relating to hydro-electric power (except small/mini/micro hydel projects of and below 25 MW capacity) and thermal power and transmission & distribution system network.
- Research, development and technical help concerning hydro-electric and thermal power, transmission system network and distribution systems in the States/UTs.
- Administration of the Electricity Act, 2003, ( 36 of 2003), the Energy Conservation Act, 2001 (52 of 2001), the Damodar Valley Corporation Act,1948 ( 14 of 1948) and Bhakra Beas Management Board as given in the Punjab Reorganisation Act,1966 (31 of 1966 ).
- All issues relating to the Central Electricity Authority, Central Electricity Board and the Central Electricity Regulatory Commission.
- Rural Electrification.
- Power programme and issues relating to power supply/development schemes/ programmes/decentralized and distributed generation in the States and Union Territories.
The Ministry of Power became a ministry on July 2, 1992, in the P. V. Narasimha Rao government. Prior to that time, it had been a department (the Department of Power) in the Ministry of Power, Coal and Non-Conventional Energy Sources. That ministry was bifurcated into the Ministry of Power, Ministry of Coal, and Ministry of Non-Conventional Energy Sources (renamed the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy in 2006). In 2012, the Ministry of Power inaugurated the Smart Grid project in Puducherry.