The Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation established as an Independent Ministry on 15.10.1999 after the merger of the Department of Statistics and the Department of Programme Implementation. The Ministry has two wings, one concerning to Statistics and the other Programme Implementation. The Statistics Wing called the National Statistical Office(NSO) combines the Central Statistical Office (CSO), the Computer Center and the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO).
The project Implementation Wing has three Divisions, namely, (i) Twenty Point Programme (ii) Infrastructure Monitoring and Project Monitoring and (iii) Member of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme. Besides these two wings, there is National Statistical Commission made by a Resolution of Government of India (MOSPI) and one autonomous Institute, viz., Indian Statistical Institute declared as an institute of National importance by an Act of Parliament.
- Acts as the major agency for planned development of the statistical system in the country lay down and maintains norms and standards in the field of statistics, involving concepts and definitions, the methodology of data collection, processing of data and dissemination of results
- Coordinates the statistical task in respect of the Ministries/Departments of the Government of India and State Statistical Bureaus (SSBs), advises the Ministries/Departments of the Government of India on statistical methodology and on statistical analysis of data.
- Makes national accounts as well as publishes annual estimates of national product, government and private consumption expenditure, capital formation, savings, estimates of capital stock and consumption of fixed capital, as also the state level gross capital formation of supra-regional sectors and prepares comparable estimates of State Domestic Product (SDP) at current prices.
- maintains liaison with international statistical organizations, example, the United Nations Statistical Division (UNSD), the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), the Statistical Institute for Asia and the Pacific (SIAP), the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the Food and Agriculture Organizations (FAO), the International Labour Organizations (ILO), etc.
- Follows and releases the Index of Industrial Production (IIP) every month in the form of ‘quick estimates’; organizes the Annual Survey of Industries (ASI); and provides statistical information to assess and evaluate the changes in the growth, composition, and structure of the organized manufacturing sector.
- organizes and manages periodic all-India Economic Censuses and follow-up enterprise surveys provides an in-house facility to process the data collected through various socio-economic surveys and follow-up enterprise surveys of Economic Censuses.
- Organizes large scale all-India sample surveys for creating the database needed for studying the impact of specific problems for the benefit of different population groups in diverse socio-economic areas, such as employment, consumer expenditure, housing conditions, and environment, literacy levels, health, nutrition, family welfare, etc.
- Studies the survey reports from the technical angle and evaluates the sampling design including survey feasibility studies in respect of surveys conducted by the National Sample Survey Organizations and other Central Ministries and Departments.
- dissemination of statistical information on various aspects by a number of publications distributed to Government, semi-Government, or private data users/ agencies; and disseminates data, on request, to the United Nations agencies like the UNSD, the ESCAP, the ILO, and other international agencies.
- Provides grants-in-aid to registered Non-Governmental Organizations and research institutions of repute for undertaking special studies or surveys, printing of statistical reports, and financing seminars, workshops, and conferences relating to different subject areas of official statistics.