The National Capital Region Transport Corporation (NCRTC) – a Joint Sector company of Government of India and States of Delhi, Haryana, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh is apex for implementing the Regional Rapid Transit System (RRTS) programme across the National Capital Region (NCR), ensuring a balanced and sustainable urban development by better connectivity and access.
The Planning Commission formed a Task Force in 2005 under the Chairmanship of Secretary, Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD) to develop a multi-modal transport system for Delhi National Capital Region (NCR). This was included in the Integrated Transport Plan for NCR 2032 with special control on Regional Rapid Transport System (RRTS) connecting regional centers.
Regional Rapid Transport System (RRTS)
- RRTS is a new, dedicated, high speed, high capacity, comfortable commuter service joining regional nodes in NCR.
- RRTS is separated from conventional Railway as it will provide reliable, high frequency, point to point regional travel at high speed along the dedicated pathway.
- RRTS is separated from metro as it caters to passengers looking to travel relatively longer distance with fewer stops and at higher speed.
Need for RRTS Project
The National Capital Region (NCR) has increased over the years to cover parts of states around Delhi namely, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, and Rajasthan. Now the total area which falls under NCR is about 33,578 km2 with the total population of over 4.6 crores (Census 2011). The region has seen a decadal population growth of ~24% between 2001 and 2011. Total NCR is an urban agglomeration with an urbanization of about 62%.
As speaking more, in 2007, the number of Passenger vehicles crossing Delhi borders breached 1,100,000 (Eleven Lakhs) per day. This has triggered the required to have effective regional public transport system on a priority.
Integrated Public Transport System
Rapid Rail Transit System (RRTS) all over the world (USA, Europe, China, Japan, etc.) have become successful. For their best utilization and patronage, it is mandatory that they are tightly integrated with the other public transport by sharing the stations or having an underground pedestrian passage which can connect different kinds of public transport systems, like Stockholm Central Station. User-friendly of use, the speed of travel, one pass for all public transport and the information regarding the waiting time for the next service makes the public transport successful. Metro, Light Rail, Mono Rail, Airport link, Bus(Local and long distance), long distance Train, Bicycle Parking, Taxi and auto rickshaw all mandate to be integrated to make the Rapid Rail Transit System (RRTS) the vehicle to integrate the NCR region. Integration and seamless transfer of passengers from other public transport to the Rapid Rail Transit System (RRTS) will determine the patronage of the Rapid Rail Transit System (RRTS).
The RRTS corridor will grant high speed, comfortable, convenient, high frequency and safe mode of travel along the corridor. The high-speed connectivity will ensure seamless travel among capital city and suburbs as well as between the suburbs. Since the system is rail-based and will be using electric trains, it will consequently reduce the pollution and congestion of highways and on roads of Delhi. Such fast and comfortable commuting will bring in a paradigm shift in the way people travel and work in NCR area. It will help the movement of job opportunities from Delhi to suburbs and opportunities of high-end jobs available in Delhi to people staying in suburbs. Thus the development of NCT of Delhi will be controlled and regulated to have a poly-centric urban development in NCR area.