National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC) is an Indian constitutional body set up with a view to providing safeguards against the exploitation of Scheduled Castes to encourage and safeguard their social, educational, economic and cultural interests, special provisions were made in the Constitution.
Commission for SCs and STs
The first Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes was established in August 1978 with Bhola Paswan Shastri as Chairman and other four Members. In 1990 the Commission for SCs and STs was renamed as the National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes were launch as per 1987 and it was set up as a National Level Advisory Body to advise the Government on broad policy issues and levels of development of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.
- The first Commission was comprising in 1992 with S. H. Ramdhan as Chairman.
- The second Commission was comprising in October 1995 with H. Hanumanthappa as chairman.
- The third Commission was comprising in December 1998 with Dileep Singh Bhuria as the Chairman.
- The fourth Commission was comprising in March 2002 with Dr. Bizay Sonkar Shastri as the Chairperson.
As a result upon the Constitution (Eighty-Ninth Amendment) Act, 2003 the erstwhile National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes has been replaced by:
(1) National Commission for Scheduled Castes and
(2) National Commission for Scheduled Tribes.
The following are the functions of the commission:
- To investigate and monitor all issues concerning to the safeguards provided for the Scheduled Castes under this Constitution or under any other law for the time being in force or under any order of the Government and to evaluate the working of such safeguards;
- To inquire into specific complaints with respect to the deprivation of rights and safeguards of the Scheduled Castes;
- To encourage and advise on the planning process of socio-economic development of the Scheduled Castes and to evaluate the progress of their development under the Union and any State;
- To current to the President, annually and at such other times as the Commission may deem fit, reports upon the working of those safeguards;
- To make in such reports recommendations as to the steps that should be taken by the Union or any State for the effective implementation of those safeguards and other measures for the protection, welfare and socio-economic development of the Scheduled Castes; and
- To discharge such other works in relation to the protection, welfare and development and advancement of the Scheduled Castes as the President may, subject to the provisions of any law made by Parliament, by rule specify.