Sushma Swaraj was born on 14 February 1952, is an Indian politician and a former Supreme Court lawyer. A senior leader and former president of Bharatiya Janata Party, Swaraj is serving as the Minister of External Affairs of India since 26 May 2014. she is the second woman to hold the office, after Indira Gandhi. She has been elected seven times as a Member of Parliament and three times as a Member of the Legislative Assembly. At the age of 25 in 1977, she became the youngest cabinet minister of the north Indian state of Haryana. She also served as 5th Chief Minister of Delhi from 13 October 1998 to 3 December 1998.
Early life and family
Sushma Swaraj was born on 14 February 1952 at Ambala cantonment to Shri Hardev Sharma and Shrimati Laxmi Devi. Her father was an eminent member of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. She completed her graduation in B.A with Political Science and Sanskrit as major subjects from S.D. College of Ambala Cantonment. She did a degree course in LL.B. from the Department of Laws of the Punjab University at Chandigarh. In 1970 she received the Best Student award from S.D. College, Ambala Cantonment.
Sushma Swaraj married Shri Swaraj Kaushal, a criminal lawyer and a senior advocate of the Supreme Court of India on 13 July 1975. Shri Swaraj Kaushal became the youngest Governor in the country in 1990. From 1990 to 1993, Shri Swaraj Kaushal served as Governor of Mizoram. From 1998 to 2004, he was a Member of the Parliament. Their daughter, Bansuri Kaushal, is an Oxford University graduate.
Sushma Swaraj was a member of the National Executive of Janata Party for four years For four years she held President position of Janata Party in the state of Haryana. For two years she remained all India Secretary of Bharatiya Janata Party. In 1977, Sushma Swaraj was first elected to the Legislative Assembly of Haryana when she was sworn in as the Cabinet Minister in Haryana. She became the youngest Cabinet Minister in India and held eight portfolios from 1977 to 1979 that includes Social Welfare, Labour and Employment
In 1987 Sushma Swaraj was re-elected from the Haryana Legislative Assembly. This time again she became the Cabinet Minister holding the portfolios of Civil Supplies, Food and Education from 1987 to 1990. In April 1990, Sushma Swaraj was elected as a member of the Rajya Sabha.
In 1996 Sushma Swaraj became a member of the 11th Lok Sabha for the second term. In 1996 during the thirteen-day government under the leadership of Atal Behari Vajpayee, she was inducted as the Union Cabinet Minister for Information and Broadcasting. She took a revolutionary step of live telecasting Lok Sabha debates.
In 1998 Sushma was re-elected as a Member of the 12th Lok Sabha for the third term. From 13 October to 3 December 1998, she became the first woman Chief Minister of Delhi.
In November 1998 Sushma was elected an MLA from Hauz Khas Assembly constituency of Delhi Assembly, but she resigned from the position to retain the Lok Sabha seat. In April 2000 Sushma Swaraj was again elected as a Rajya Sabha member. From 30 September 2000 to 29 January 2003 she remained the Minister of Information and Broadcasting.
From 19 March to 12 October 1998, she was the Union Cabinet Minister in the Information and Broadcasting and Telecommunications (additional charge) sector. From 29 January 2003 to 22 May 2004, she was the Minister of Health and Family Welfare and also Minister of Parliamentary Affairs.
In April 2006 she was re-elected as a member of Rajya Sabha for the fifth term. On 16 May 2009, Sushma Swaraj was elected as a member of the 15th Lok Sabha for the sixth term. She became the Deputy Leader of the Opposition on 3 June 2009 in the Lok Sabha. On 21 December 2009. Sushma Swaraj became the first woman Leader of the Opposition when she replaced Shri Lal Krishna Advani. On May 26, 2014, Sushma Swaraj became the Union Minister for External Affairs in the government of India.
She was given the Best Speaker award by the Haryana State Assembly. Sushma Swaraj received the Best Parliamentarian award twice in the years 2008 and 2010. She is the first-ever and the only woman MP to receive the Outstanding Parliamentarian Award.