The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) is the national governing body for cricket in India. The board was established in December 1928 as a society, registered under the Tamil Nadu Societies Registration Act. It is a consortium of state cricket associations and the state associations select their representatives who in turn select the BCCI chief. The BCCI logo is taken from the emblem of the Order of the Star of India, the British Raj emblem during the colonial period.
In 1912, an all-India cricket team gone to England for the first time, sponsored and captained by Gauri Shanker. In 1926, two representatives of the Calcutta Cricket Club traveled to London to attend meetings of the Imperial Cricket Conference, the predecessor to the current International Cricket Council. Although technically not an official representative of Indian cricket, they were permitted to attend by Lord Harris, chairman of the conference. The result of the meeting was the MCC’s decision to send a team to India, led by Arthur Gilligan, who had captained England in The Ashes.
In a meeting with the Maharaja of Patiala and others, Gilligan promised to press for its coverage in the ICC if all the promoters of the game in the land came together to establish a single controlling body. A guarantee was given and a meeting held in Delhi on 21 November 1927 and was attended by delegates from Patiala, Delhi, United Provinces, Rajputana, Alwar, Bhopal, Gwalior, Baroda, Kathiawar, Central Provinces, Sindh, and Punjab. A consensus was reached to make a board for control of cricket in India and on 10 December 1927, a unanimous decision to form a provisional board of control was taken. In December 1928, the BCCI was registered in the Tamil Nadu Societies Registration Act with six associations affiliated to it. RE Grant Govan was elected as its first president and Anthony de Mello as secretary.
The BCCI is India’s richest sporting body and the richest cricket board in the globe. BCCI does not depend on the Government of India for its finances. The global media rights for IPL is awarded to STAR India for ₹16,347.5 crore (US$2.3 billion) from 2018 to 2022. Official kit sponsorship rights for 5 years from 2016 to 2020 covering has been awarded to Nike for ₹370 crore (US$52 million). While Oppo became the official Indian cricket team sponsor for a time of five years at a cost of ₹1,079 crore (US$150 million). The media rights for 25 neutral venue one-day matches to be played over the next 5 years were awarded to Zee Telefilms for $ 219.16 million. BCCI had avoided taxes on its income, claiming exemption as a charitable organization. Although the Income Tax Department withdrew this exemption in 2007-08, BCCI only paid tax amounting to ₹41.9 crore (US$5.8 million) against its tax liability of ₹413 crore (US$58 million) in the 2009-10 financial year. On 12 September 2006 BCCI, announced that it will spend ₹ 1,600 crores over the subsequent one year to upgrade the cricket stadiums around the country.