What is the Service Selection Board (SSB)?

service selection board

The Service Selection Board (SSB), established by the Ministry of Defense, undertakes the SSB Interview to evaluate prospective candidates for recruitment in the Army, Navy and Air Force. The benchmarks on which the candidates are assessed cover intelligence, personality, compatibility, and potential. Hence, mental preparation holds necessary for physical preparation, although physical fitness will be an added advantage.

There is a range of pathways to a commission as an officer in Indian Armed Forces. This is applicable to both for civilians (after 10+2, graduation and post graduation), as well as for serving armed forces personnel. Everyone except army medical corps members must succeed in the “SSB interview”. There is no limit to the number of attempts that can be done. The interview covers a battery of psychological tests of personality, to assess the candidate’s suitability for the commission to the armed forces. The tests assist the SSB select candidates with an officer like qualities (“OLQs”). The Services Selection Board is not concerned with the number of commissions available. Its responsibility is just to assess and then, recommend. Successful candidates have a medical examination and if satisfactory are recorded on a “merit list” before training and commission.


Unmarried graduates who clear the Combined Defense Services Examination organized by the UPSC are selected for the SSB Interview.

For males:

  • Born on or after 2 January 1991 and not after 1 January 1996
  • In case of Airforce Academy, a person should be born on or after 2 January 1992 and on or before 1st January 1996

For females:

  • Born on or after 2 January 1990 and on or before 1 January 1996
  • Unmarried or issueless widows


  •  NavalAcademy: A bachelor’s degree in engineering.
  •  AirForceAcademy: A degree in B.Sc. with Physics & Mathematics; B.E. and B. Tech.
  •   IndianMilitaryAcademyand Officers’TrainingAcademy: Degree or equivalent from a recognized university.

Name of the post: After medical checkup and training, the candidates are inducted as Commissioned Officers.

Notifications: Candidates are intimated for the SSB interview by call letters. In case call letter is not received on time after clearing the UPSC exam, the candidate must promptly contact the concerned office.

Schedule of SSB Examination

The five-day personality and intelligence test schedule are as under:

Day 1: Basic Intelligence Test

Day 2: Psychological Test

Day 3 & Day 4: The Group Testing Officers (GTO) Activities

Day 5: Conference

A Personal Interview (PI) can be taken on any day between second to fourth days.

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