The Union Public Service Commission is India’s main central recruiting agency. It is responsible for appointments to and examinations for All India services and group A & group B of Central services. While Department of Personnel and Training is the central personnel agency of India.
The agency’s charter is promoted by Part XIV of the Constitution of India, headed as Services under the Union and the States. The commission is regulated by the Constitution for appointments to the services of the Union and All India Services. It is also needed to be adviced by the Government in matters relating to the appointment, transfer, promotion and disciplinary matters. The commission reports directly to the President and can advise the Government by him. After all such advice is not binding on the Government. Being a constitutional authority, UPSC is amongst the few institutions which function with both autonomy and freedom, along with the country’s higher judiciary and the Election Commission.
The commission main headquarters is at Dholpur House, in New Delhi and functions through its own secretariat. Arvind Saxena is its present Chairman of UPSC. Introduced on 1 October 1926 as Public Service Commission it was later reconstituted as Federal Public Service Commission by the Government of India Act 1935 only to be renamed as today’s Union Public Service Commission after the independence.
The Commission composed of a chairman and other members appointed by The President of India. Generally, the Commission consists of 9 to 11 members including the chairman. Each member holds office for a period of six years or until he attains the age of sixty-five years, whichever is earlier. The terms and conditions of service of chairman and members of the Commission are controlled and maintained by the Union Public Service Commission (Members) Regulations, 1969.
The chairman and any other member of the Commission can deposit his resignation at any time to the President of India. He may be off from his office by the President of India on the ground of misbehaviour (only if an inquiry of such misbehaviour is made and upheld by Supreme Court) or if he is adjudged insolvent, or engages during his term of office in any paid employment outside the duties of his office, or in the opinion of the President unfit to continue in office by reason of infirmity of mind or body.
Following are the current members of UPSC:
- Arvind Saxena (Chairman)
- Prof. Dr Pradeep Kumar Joshi
- Bhim Sain Bassi
- Air Marshal A. S. Bhonsle (Retd.)
- Sujata Mehta
- Dr Manoj Soni
- Smita Nagaraj
- M. Sathiyavathy
Under Article 320 of the Constitution of India, the Commission is, needed to be consulted on all matters relating to recruitment to civil services and posts. The main objectives of the Commission under Article 320 of the Constitution are:
- Organize examinations for appointment to the services of the Union.
- Direct recruitment by selection by interviews.
- Appointment of officers for promotion / deputation / absorption.
- Framing and amendment of Recruitment Rules for certain service