Yogi Adityanath was born on 5 June 1972, is an Indian monk and Hindu nationalist politician who is the present Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, in office since 19 March 2017.
He was chosen as the Chief Minister on 26 March 2017 after the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) won the 2017 State Assembly elections, in which he was a prominent campaigner. He has been the Member of Parliament from the Gorakhpur constituency, Uttar Pradesh for five regular terms since 1998. In 2008, his convoy was attacked en route to Azamgarh for an anti-terrorism rally. The attack made one person dead and at least six persons injured.
Adityanath is also the Mahant or leading priest of the Gorakhnath Math, a Hindu temple in Gorakhpur, a position he has held since the death of his spiritual “father”, Mahant Avaidyanath, in September 2014. He is also the founder of the Hindu Yuva Vahini, a youth organization that has been concerned with communal violence. He has an image as a right-wing populist Hindutva firebrand.
Personal life and family
Yogi Adityanath was born as Ajay Mohan Bisht in a Kshatriya family on 5 June 1972 in the rural area of Panchur, in Pauri Garhwal, Uttar Pradesh (now in Uttarakhand). His father Anand Singh Bisht was a forest ranger. He was the second born in the family, in four brothers and three sisters. He also accomplished his bachelor’s degree in Mathematics from the Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal University in Uttarakhand.
He left his home around the 1990s to join the Ayodhya Ram temple movement. He joined under the influence of Mahant Avaidyanath, the chief priest of the Gorakhnath Math and became his disciple. Subsequently, he was given the name ‘Yogi Adityanath’ and appointed as the successor of the Mahant Avaidyanath. While based in Gorakhpur after his birth, Adityanath has often visited his ancestral village, establishing a school there in 1998.
Yogi Adityanath was chosen as the head priest of Gorakhnath Math in 1994, and four years later he was elected to the Lower House of the Indian parliament. He was the youngest member in the 12th Lok Sabha. For five regular years, he has been elected to the Parliament from Gorakhpur.
He started Hindu Yuva Vahini, a youth wing which is commonly known for violent activities in eastern Uttar Pradesh. Initially, Yogi Adityanath did not have a good relation with BJP. However, gradually everything became normal and he was visited by many BJP leaders in Gorakhpur. He was one of the BJP MPs in March 2010 who forced the party to whip on the Women’s Reservation Bill in the Parliament.
Yogi Adityanath was a major BJP campaigner in the 2017 assembly elections of Uttar Pradesh. In March 2017, after BJP huge victory the assembly elections, he became the chief minister of Uttar Pradesh. After he came to power, he banned cow smuggling, tobacco, pan, and gutka in government offices of Uttar Pradesh and created anti-Romeo squads in the state. Also, the Uttar Pradesh police removed more than 100 policemen. Along with holding the profile of chief minister, he is taking care of around 36 ministries himself, inclusive of Home, institutional finance, planning, urban land, estate department, UP state reorganisation committee, administration reforms, programme implementation, Relief and Rehabilitation, national integration, Rent Control, infrastructure, coordination, language, external aided project, Public Service Management, Consumer protection, weights and measures, Housing, Revenue, Food and Civil Supplies, Food Security and drug administration, stamp and registry, Town and country planning department, Economics and statistics, Mines and Minerals, Flood control, vigilance, prison, general administration, secretariat administration, personnel and appointment, information.