The Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare is an organ of the Government of India, the apex body for formulation and administration of the rules and regulations and laws related to agriculture in India. The three wide areas of scope for the Ministry are agriculture, food processing, and co-operation. The agriculture ministry is led by Minister of Agriculture Radha Mohan Singh. Gajendra Singh Shekhawat, Krishna Raj, and Parsottambhai Rupala are the Ministers of State.
Department of Revenue and Agriculture and Commerce was set up in June 1871 to deal with every agricultural matter in India. Until this ministry was set up, matters related to agriculture were within the portfolio of the Home Department.
In 1881, Department of Revenue & Agriculture was established to deal with combined portfolios of education, health, agriculture, revenue. However, In 1947, the Department of Agriculture was altered as the Ministry of Agriculture.
Structure and Departments
The Ministry of Agriculture and farmers Welfare consists of the following three Departments.
Department of Agriculture, Co-operation and Farmers Welfare: This Department’s responsibilities are assigned to it in the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules, 1961 as altered time to time. Co-operation in this context refers widely to encourage farmer co-operative movements. The Agriculture MMP is another program run by this depart that aims to replicate the agricultural e-governance schemes being carried in different states at a national level and by a variety of media.
Department of Agriculture Research and Education: This Department’s responsibilities are major and operation research, technology development, improving linkages between various organizations and state governments across the country. Additionally, this Department manages the Indian Council of Agricultural Research.
Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries: This Department’s major responsibilities are to increase the productivity of livestock and aquaculture.
The administrative head of the Ministry are the Secretaries of the three departments.
A Heading program of the Ministry is the Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana, which was launched in 2007 on the recommendations of the National Development Council of India. This scheme sought to improve the overall state of agriculture in India by providing stronger planning, better coordination and greater funding to improve productivity and overall output. The overall budget for this program in 2009-10 was just over INR 38,000 crore.