The Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers in India is the administrative entity of three departments namely:-
- Department of Chemicals and Petrochemicals
- Department of Fertilisers
- Department of Pharmaceuticals
The Ministry is led by Minister of Chemicals and fertilizers. Ananth Kumar is the current minister for the department.
Department of Chemicals and Petrochemicals
The Department of Chemicals and Petrochemicals was ambit the Ministry of Industry until December 1989, when it was brought under the Ministry of Petroleum and Chemicals. On June 5, 1991, the Department of Chemicals and Petrochemicals was allocated to the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilisers.
The Department is undertaken with the responsibility of planning, development, and regulations of the chemicals, petrochemicals and pharmaceutical industry sector, inducing:
- Drugs and pharmaceuticals, excluding those specifically given to other departments
- Insecticides, not including the administration of the Insecticides Act, 1968 (46 of 1968).
- Alcohol – Industrial and Potable from the molasses area.
- Dyestuffs and dye intermediates
- every organic and inorganic chemicals not specifically allotted to any other ministry or department.
- Bhopal disaster – special laws
- Industries relating to the production of non-cellulosic synthetic fibers such as nylon, polyester, and acrylic
- Synthetic rubber
- Plastics including fabrications of plastic and molded goods
- Planning, development, and control of, and assistance to, all industries dealt with by the Department
- The Department has various divisions under it. The important being:
- Chemical Division
- Petrochemicals Division
- Monitoring and Evaluation Division (M&E Division)
Department of Fertilisers
Before it was called the Department of Chemicals & Fertilisers. The genesis of the Department of Chemicals and Fertilisers can be tracked to the erstwhile Ministry of Production in the fifties.
In 1963 the Department was placed in the newly established Ministry of Petroleum and Chemicals. In 1975, with the allotment of a separate Cabinet Minister for Chemicals & Fertilisers, the Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilisers consisting the Department of Petroleum and the Department of Chemicals & Fertilisers came into being. A different Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilisers came into existence in September 1982 headed by a Cabinet Minister who is assisted by Minister of State.
Department of Pharmaceuticals
The cabinet Secretariat on 2 July 2008, has notified creation of a new Department under Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilisers with the goal to give greater focus and thrust on the development of Pharmaceutical Sector in the country and to regulate various complex issues related to pricing and availability of medicines at affordable prices, research & development, protection of intellectual property rights and international commitments related to pharmaceutical sector which need integration of work with other ministries.