The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, organized by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has given its approval for the Umbrella Scheme, “Green Revolution – Krishonnati Yojana” in agriculture sector further 12th Five Year Plan for the period from 2017-18 to 2019-20 with the Central Share of Rs. 33,269.976 crore. The Umbrella project comprises of 11 Schemes/Missions. These projects look to develop the agriculture and allied sector in a holistic and scientific manner to increase the income of farmers by enhancing production, productivity and better returns on produce. The projects will be continued with an expenditure of Rs.33,269.976 crore for three financial years, i.e., 2017-18, 2018-19 and 2019-20.
The Schemes/Missions aims at creating a/strengthening of the infrastructure of production, reducing production cost and marketing of agriculture and allied produce. These projects/missions have been under implementation for varying duration during the past few years. All these schemes/missions were appraised and clarified independently as a separate scheme/mission. In 2017-18, it has been confirmed to club all these schemes/missions under one umbrella scheme ‘Green Revolution – Krishonnati Yojana’.
The Schemes that are the inclusion of the Umbrella Schemes are:-
(i) The mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH) with a total central share of Rs. 7533.04 crore, MIDH goal is to promote holistic growth of the horticulture sector; to enhance horticulture production, improve nutritional security and income support to farm Households.
(ii) National Food Security Mission (NFSM), combines National Mission on Oil Seeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP), with a total central share of Rs.6893.38 crore. It focuses to increase production of rice, wheat, pulses, coarse cereals, and commercial crops, through area expansion and productivity enhancement in a suitable manner in the identified districts of the country, restoring soil fertility and productivity at the individual farm level and enhancing farm level economy.
(iii) National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) with an entire central share of Rs.3980.82 crore. NMSA focus on promoting sustainable agriculture practices best suitable to the specific agro-ecology focusing on integrated farming, appropriate soil health management, and synergizing resource conservation technology.
(iv) Sub-Mission on Agriculture Extension (SMAE) with an entire central share of Rs.2961.26 crore. SMAE aims to strengthen the ongoing extension mechanism of State Governments, local bodies etc., achieving food and nutritional security and socio-economic empowerment of farmers, to institutionalize programme planning and implementation mechanism, to forge effective linkages and synergy amongst various stakeholders, to support HRD interventions, to promote pervasive and innovative use of electronic/print media, interpersonal communication, and ICT tools, etc.
(v) Sub-Mission on Seeds and Planting Material (SMSP) with a total central share of Rs.920.6 crore. SMSP focuses to increase production of certified / quality seed, to increase SRR, to upgrade the quality of farm-saved seeds, to strengthen the seed multiplication chain, to promote new technologies and methodologies in seed production, processing, testing etc., to strengthen and modernizing infrastructure for seed production, storage, certification and quality etc.
(vi) Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanisation (SMAM) with an entire central share of Rs.3250 crore. SMAM focus to increase the reach of farm mechanization to small and marginal farmers and to the regions where availability of farm power is low, to promote ‘Custom Hiring Centres’ to offset the adverse economies of scale arising due to small landholding and high cost of individual ownership, to create hubs for hi-tech and high value farm equipment, to create awareness among stakeholders through demonstration and capacity building activities, and to ensure performance testing and certification at designated testing centers located all over the country.
(vii) Sub Mission on Plant Protection and Plant Quarantine (SMPPQ) with a complete central share of Rs.1022.67 crore. SMPPQ point to minimize loss to quality and yield of agricultural crops from the ravages of insect pests, diseases, weeds, nematodes, rodents, etc. and to shield our agricultural bio-security from the incursions and spread of alien species, to facilitate exports of Indian agricultural commodities to global markets, and to promote good agricultural practices, particularly with respect to plant protection strategies and strategies.
(viii) Integrated Scheme on Agriculture Census, Economics and Statistics (ISACES) with a complete central share of Rs. 730.58 crore. It focuses to undertake the agriculture census, study of the cost of cultivation of principal crops, to undertake research studies on agro-economic problems of the country, to fund conferences/workshops and seminars involving eminent economists, agricultural scientists, experts and to bring out papers to conduct short-term studies, to improve agricultural statistics methodology and to create a hierarchical information system on crop condition and crop production from sowing to harvest.
(ix) Integrated Scheme on Agricultural Cooperation (ISAC) with an entire central share of Rs. 1902.636 crore. It aims to grant financial assistance for improving the economic conditions of cooperatives, remove regional imbalances and to speed up – cooperative development in agricultural marketing, processing, storage, computerization, and weaker section programmes; to help cotton growers fetch remunerative price for their products through value addition besides ensuring supply of quality yarn at reasonable rates to the decentralized weavers.
(x) Integrated Scheme on Agricultural Marketing (ISAM) with an entire central share of 3863.93 crores. ISAM focus to develop agricultural marketing infrastructure; to grant innovative and latest technologies and competitive alternatives in agriculture marketing infrastructure; to provide infrastructure facilities for grading, standardization and quality certification of agricultural produce; to establish a nationwide marketing information network; to integrate markets through a common online market platform to facilitate pan-India trade in agricultural commodities, etc.
(xi) National e-Governance Plan (NeGP-A) with a complete central share of 211.06 crore points to bring farmer centricity & service orientation to the programmes; to enhance reach & impact of extension services; to improve access of farmers to information &services throughout crop-cycle; to build upon, enhance & integrate the existing ICT initiatives of Centre and States; and to enhance efficiency & effectiveness of programs through making available timely and relevant information to the farmers for increasing their agriculture productivity.