PMKSY is to gain convergence of investments in irrigation at the field level, expand cultivable area under assured irrigation, improve on-farm water use efficiency to reduce wastage of water, improve the adoption of precision-irrigation and other water saving technologies (More crop per drop), improve recharge of aquifers and set up sustainable water conservation practices by exploring the feasibility of reusing treated municipal wastewater for peri-urban agriculture and attract greater private investment in precision irrigation system.
PMKSY has been conceived amalgamating ongoing programmes viz. Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) of the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation (MoWR, RD&GR), Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) of Department of Land Resources (DLR) and the On-Farm Water Management (OFWM) of Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (DAC). The program will be implemented by Ministries of Agriculture, Water Resources and Rural Development. Ministry of Rural Development is to majorly undertake rainwater conservation, construction of farm pond, water harvesting structures, small check dams, and contour bunding etc. MoWR, RD &GR, is to undertake several measures for creation of assured irrigation source, construction of diversion canals, field channels, water diversion/lift irrigation, including the development of water distribution systems. Ministry of Agriculture will promote efficient water conveyance and precision water application devices like drips, sprinklers, pivots, rain-guns in the farm “(Jal Sinchan)”, construction of micro-irrigation structures to supplement source establishment activities, extension activities for the promotion of scientific moisture conservation and agronomic measures
Programme architecture of PMKSY will be to adopt a ‘decentralized State level planning and projectised execution’ structure that will allow States to set up their own irrigation development plans based on District Irrigation Plan (DIP) and State Irrigation Plan (SIP). It will be operative as a convergence platform for all water sector activities covering drinking water & sanitation, MGNREGA, application of science & technology etc. by the comprehensive plan. State Level Sanctioning Committee (SLSC) chaired by the Chief Secretary of the State will be fall with the authority to oversee its implementation and sanction projects.
The programme will be acknowledged and monitored by an Inter-Ministerial National Steering Committee (NSC) will be constituted under the Chairmanship of Prime Minister with Union Ministers from concerned Ministries. A National Executive Committee (NEC) will be formed under the Chairmanship of Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog to oversee programme implementation, allocation of resources, inter-ministerial coordination, monitoring & performance assessment, addressing administrative matters etc.
- Formation of new water sources through Minor Irrigation (both surface and groundwater)
- Repair, restoration, and renovation of water bodies; strengthening the holding capacity of traditional water sources, construction rainwater harvesting structures (Jal Sanchay);
- Command area development, strengthening, and formation of distribution network from source to the farm;
- Enhancement in water management and distribution system for water bodies to take advantage of the available source which is not tapped to its fullest capacity (deriving benefits from low hanging fruits). At least 10% of the command area to be included under micro/precision irrigation.
- Diversion of water from the source of the various location where it is plenty to nearby water-scarce areas, lift irrigation from water bodies/rivers at a lower elevation to supplement requirements beyond IWMP and MGNREGS irrespective of irrigation command.
- Formation and rejuvenation of traditional water storage systems like Jal Mandir (Gujarat); Khatri, Kuhl (H.P.); Zabo (Nagaland); Eri, Ooranis (T.N.); Dongs (Assam); Katas, Bandhas (Odisha and M.P.) etc. at feasible locations.