Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana was launched in August 2007 as a part of the 11th Five Year Plan by the Government of India. This scheme is launched under the National Development Council. This programme is essentially a State Plan Scheme that seeks to provide the States and Territories of India with the autonomy to draw up plans for increased public investment in Agriculture by incorporating information on local requirements,geographical/climatic conditions, available natural resources/ technology and cropping patterns in their districts so as to significantly increase the productivity of Agriculture and its allied sectors and eventually maximize the returns of farmers in agriculture and its allied sectors.
The states are mandatorily required to prepare the District and State Agriculture Plans that comprehensively cover resources and indicate definite action plans.
States are encouraged to converge the scheme with other programmes such as NREGS, SGSY, BRGF, etc. If the state lowers its investment in the subsequent years and goes out of the RKVY basket, then the balance resources for completing the projects already commenced would have to be committed by them.
RKVY is an incentive scheme so money is not allocated to the states automatically. The more the states encourage the agriculture and allied fields, the more incentive they get from central government. However, a high level of flexibility has been provided to the states including at the level of the State Government.
The total outlay of this scheme was kept 25,000 Crore for the 11th plan period in the form of Additional Central Assistance (ACA). Thus it became the biggest scheme in the agriculture sector. Despite the fact that India has not been able to achieve the targeted growth in the farm sector, the scheme has been continued with increased outlays and increase the number of subschemes every year. Areas of focus of these schemes have been Seeds, fertilizers, IPM Testing laboratories, Horticulture, Farm Mechanization, Extension, Crops, Marketing and Cooperatives, animal husbandry etc.
The Nodal department for the scheme in the states is the State Agriculture Department. The department is required to take appropriate steps for identification of the projects that are important for agriculture, horticulture and allied sector development. If the government of the state is in hurry, it can also constitute an agency by notification for implementation of the RKVY. If the state does so, the funds would be disbursed to this agency but the administrative expenses of such an agency cannot exceed 1% of total allocation under RKVY.
At present RKVY has following sub-schemes:
- Bringing Green Revolution to Eastern India (BGREI): Targets improvement in the rice-based cropping systems of Assam, West Bengal, Orissa, Bihar, Jharkhand, eastern Uttar Pradesh, and Chhattisgarh.
- Integrated Development of 60,000 Pulses Villages in Rainfed Areas
- Promotion of Oil Palm
- Initiative on Vegetable Clusters
- Nutri-cereals: To promote balanced nutrition, higher production of bajra, jowar, ragi, and other millets will be promoted.
- National Mission for Protein Supplements: To take up activities to promote animal based protein production through livestock development, dairy farming, piggery, goat rearing and fisheries in selected blocks.
- Accelerated Fodder Development Programme: To accelerate the production of fodder through intensive promotion of technologies to ensure its availability throughout the year.
- Rainfed Area Development Programme: This programme aims at improving the productivity of crops in rainfed areas.
- National Saffron Mission: This programme aims at revival of saffron cultivation in Jammu & Kashmir.
- A new programme called Vidarbha Intensified Irrigation Development Programme was launched with an allocation of Rs. 300 Crore.