Coronavirus: Does India have enough ventilators & hospital beds? - Govt.in - Telling the truth- always!
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Coronavirus: Does India have enough ventilators & hospital beds?

NEW DELHI: As per health experts, Covid-19 impact on a human body can range from no symptoms to severe illness featuring pneumonia. Everyone infected requires to be quarantined, either at home or at a medical facility but people who are most likely to be hospitalised are those who develop flu-like symptoms or pneumonia. The fight against coronavirus essentially comes down to the availability of hospital beds and ventilators. Since the elderly are more vulnerable to falling ill with severe symptoms, here is an estimate of how prepared India is:
Number ofhospital beds in India
As per data available with National Health Profile–2019:

  • India has 7,13,986 total government hospital beds available which amounts to 0.55 beds per 1000 population
  • The availability of beds for elderly population (aged 60 and above) in India is 5.18 beds per 1000 population
  • In terms of availability of hospital beds, 12 states (which are home to 70% population) lie below the national level figure (0.55 beds per 1000 population): Bihar, Jharkhand, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Maharashtra, Odisha, Assam and Manipur
  • The worst-off is Bihar with just 0.11 beds available per 1000 population
  • The better-off states are: West Bengal (2.25 government beds per 1,000); Sikkim (2.34 government beds per 1,000); Delhi (1.05 beds per 1000 population); Kerala (1.05 beds per 1,000); Tamil Nadu (1.1 beds per 1,000)
  • In terms of beds for 1,000 elderly population Northeastern and Southern states are better-off in this category too while northern and central states have relatively low availability of government beds for elderly population
  • Kerala has 7.4 beds available per 1,000 elderly population; Tamil Nadu has 7.8 and Karnataka 8.6

Number of ventilators in India
In case of community transmission, analysis shows that in India an estimated 5-10% of total patients will require critical care in form of ventilator support. However, there are no official figures on the number of ventilators available in the public sector:

  • In absence of official figures, an analysis of the number of ventilators in public sector could be based on the number of hospital beds
  • In that case, out of the total 7,13,986 government beds at least 5-8% are ICU beds which means 35,699 to 57,119 ICU beds
  • If 50% of the ICU beds have ventilators then roughly, there are 17,850 to 25,556 ventilators in the country. Even if all ICU hospital beds have ventilators, there will only be 57k ventilators

(Credit: The Brookings Institute)

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    TOI

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