Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY), the skill training and placement program of the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD), occupies a unique position amongst other skill training programs, due to its focus on the rural poor youth and its emphasis on sustainable employment through the prominence
and incentives are given to post-placement tracking, retention, and career progression.
Features of Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana
- Enable Poor and Marginalized to Access Benefits – Demand led skill training at no cost to the rural poor
- Inclusive Program Design – Mandatory coverage of socially disadvantaged groups (SC/ST 50%; Minority 15%; Women 33%)
- Shifting Emphasis from Training to Career Progression – Pioneers in providing incentives for job retention, career progression and foreign placements
- Greater Support for Placed Candidates – Post-placement support, migration support and alumni network
- Proactive Approach to Build Placement Partnerships – Guaranteed Placement for at least 75% trained candidates
- Enhancing the Capacity of Implementation Partners- Nurturing new training service providers and developing their skills
- Regional Focus – Greater emphasis on projects for poor rural youth in Jammu and Kashmir (HIMAYAT), The North-East region and 27 Left-Wing Extremist (LWE) districts (ROSHINI)
- Standards-led Delivery – All program activities are subject to Standard Operating Procedures that are not open to interpretation by local inspectors. All inspections are supported by geo-tagged, time stamped videos/photographs
Skilling and placement under DDU-GKY involve eight distinct steps:
- Awareness building within the community on the opportunities
- Identifying rural youth who are poor
- Mobilizing rural youth who are interested
- Counselling of youth and parents
- Selection based on aptitude vi. Imparting knowledge, industry-linked skills, and attitudes that enhance employability
- Providing jobs that can be verified through methods that can stand up to independent scrutiny, and which pay above minimum wages
- Supporting the person so employed for sustainability after placement
Rural youth who are poor
The target group for DDU-GKY are poor rural youth in the age group 15-35. However, the upper age limit for women candidates, and candidates belonging to Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs), Persons with Disabilities (PwDs), Transgender and other Special Groups like rehabilitated bonded labour, victims of trafficking, manual scavengers, trans-genders, HIV positive persons, etc shall be 45 years.
The poor will be identified by a process called Participatory Identification of Poor (PIP) which is an important component of the NRLM strategy. Till the time, the poor are identified through the use of PIP, apart from the existing list of Below Poverty Line (BPL) households, youth from MGNREGA worker households with at least 15 days of work in the previous financial year by any of its family members, or youth from a household with RSBY card wherein the details of youth is mentioned in the card or youth from households who have been issued, Antyodaya Anna
Yojana / BPL PDS cards, or youth from a household where a family member is a member of SHG under NRLM, or youth from a household covered under auto inclusion parameters as per SECC, 2011 (when notified), shall also be eligible to avail the skilling program even if such youth are not in the BPL list. It is expected that they will be identified during the PIP.
Focus on SC/ST, minorities and women
At the national level, 50% of the funds would be earmarked for SCs and STs with the proportion between SCs and STs being decided from time to time by the MoRD. A further 15% of the funds would be set apart for beneficiaries from among minority groups. States should also ensure that at least 3% of beneficiaries are from among persons with disabilities. One-third of the persons covered should be women. This earmarking is only the minimum. However, targets from SC and ST can be interchanged if there are no eligible beneficiaries from either of
the category and it is certified as such by the District Rural Development Agency (DRDA).
In the case of people with disabilities, separate projects have to be submitted. These projects will have separate training centers and the unit costs will be different from those mentioned in these guidelines.
Though there are no separate targets for special groups such as PWD, victims of trafficking, manual scavengers, trans-gender, rehabilitated bonded labor, and other vulnerable groups, States have to develop strategies that address issues of access of special groups who usually get left out. The nature of affirmative action that is required to overcome their challenges and barriers to participation need to be incorporated into the skill action plan proposed by the State. In the case of those with hearing and speech impairment, locomotor and visual impairment it will also be necessary to sensitize prospective employers to ensure they get job placements. A note on placement linked training of PwD can be accessed from http://ddugky.gov.in.
The interested eligible person shall visit nearest Self Enrollment via link:
- Select the Registration type (Fresh Registration/ Incomplete / Registered)
- Fill in SECC Details
- Fill Address Information
- Fill Personal Information –
- Fill Training program Details
- Fill in Choices of candidates for a particular sector
- Submit the application form
- Driving License
- One of the following:
- BPL Card
- MNREGA Card
- NRLM – SHG Identification Card
- BPL / PDS Card or Antyoday Anna Yojana Card
- Voter Id
(Except for the headline, this story has not been edited by GOVT.in staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)