Minority scholarship is given by the government of India to reduce the financial burden on parents as well as the respective institution and to sustain their efforts to support their children to complete education till they want to study. This scholarship is from pre matric to doctorate level and encourages parents from minority communities to send their children to school or college.
Minority scholarship was started in 2006 in India. A number of schemes have been implemented by the Central and State Governments for the welfare of minorities. Various schemes for the educational development of minorities including Scholarship Schemes are also being implemented for the betterment of students belonging to the Minority Communities.
The main Minority scholarship are listed below-
PRE-MATRIC SCHOLARSHIP SCHEME:
The scholarship at pre-matric level encourages parents from the minority communities to send their school going children to school, lighten their financial burden on school education and sustain their efforts to support their children to complete school education. The scholarship is awarded for studies in India in a government or private school from class I to class X, including in such residential Government institutes and eligible private institutes selected and notified in a transparent manner by the State Government and Union Territory Administration concerned. The scholarship is awarded to the students who have secured not less than 50% marks in the previous final examination and whose parents’/guardians’ annual income from all sources does not exceed Rs. 1 lakh. There are a fixed number of scholarships for minorities. Students from poor background are given preferences for grant of these scholarships. Only after the renewal applications are fully exhausted are the new applications considered. The scholarships are provided for the entire course. Maintenance allowance is given for 10 months only in an academic year.
POST-MATRIC SCHOLARSHIP SCHEME:
The objective of the scheme is to award scholarships to the meritorious students belonging to the economically weaker sections of the minority communities so as to provide them better opportunities for higher education, increase their rate of attainment in higher education and to enhance their employability. The scholarship is awarded to the students who have secured not less than 50% marks or equivalent grade in the previous final examination and the annual income of whose parents/guardian from all sources does not exceed Rs.2.00 lakh. The scholarship is to be awarded for studies in India in a government or private higher secondary school/college/university, including such residential institutes of the Government and eligible private institutes selected and notified in a transparent manner by the State Government/Union Territory Administration concerned. It also covers technical and vocational courses at the Industrial Training Institutes/ Industrial Training Centres affiliated with the National Council for Vocational Training (NCVT) of classes XI and XII level. Unlike scholarship for SC and ST, there are a fixed number of scholarships for minorities. Students from the Below Poverty Line (BPL) families, having the lowest income are given preference in the ascending order. Only after the renewal applications are fully exhausted are the new applications considered.
MERIT-CUM-MEANS BASED SCHOLARSHIP SCHEME:
These scholarships are available for studies in India only and are awarded through the State Government/UT Administration or an Agency designated by the State Government/UT Administration for this purpose. During the 12th Five Year Plan, 60000 fresh Scholarships are being awarded each financial year, besides renewals among the students of minority communities in States/UTs throughout the country based on the State/UT-wise population of these communities. This scheme is launched to provide financial assistance to the poor and meritorious students belonging to the minority communities to enable them to pursue professional and technical courses.
Maulana Azad National Fellowship for Minority Students:
The objective of the Fellowship is to provide integrated five-year fellowships in the form of financial assistance to students from minority communities, as notified by the Central Government to pursue higher studies such as M. Phil and PhD. The Fellowship covers all Universities/Institutions recognized by the University Grants Commission (UGC) under section 2(f) and section 3 of the UGC Act and is implemented by the Ministry of Minority Affairs through UGC for students belonging to the minority communities.
Padho Pradesh – Scheme of Interest Subsidy on Educational Loans for Overseas Studies for the Students Belonging to the Minority Communities:
The objective of this scheme is to award interest subsidy to meritorious students belonging to economically weaker sections of notified minority communities so as to provide them better opportunities for higher education abroad and also to enhance their employability.
Free Coaching and Allied Scheme:
This scheme aims to empower the minority communities, which are relatively disadvantaged, by enhancing their skills and capabilities so as to make them employable in industries, services, etc.
The objective of this Scheme is to provide financial support to the minority candidates clearing preliminary examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission, Staff Selection Commission and State Public Service Commissions. The purpose is to adequately equip these candidates to compete for appointment to Civil Services in the Union and the State Governments and thereby increase the representation of the minority communities in the Civil Services.