What is Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana (National Urban Livelihoods Mission)?


Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana

Firstly, to decrease poverty and vulnerability of the urban poor households by enabling them to access gainful self-employment and skilled wage employment opportunities, resulting in an appreciable improvement in their livelihoods on a sustainable basis, through building strong grassroots level institutions of the poor. Secondly, the mission would also aim at providing shelters equipped with essential services to the urban homeless in a phased manner. Thirdly, the mission would also address the livelihood concerns of the urban street vendors by facilitating access to suitable spaces, institutional credit, social security and skills to the urban street vendors for accessing emerging market opportunities.

Objectives

  • Monetary advancement and urbanization are firmly connected. Urban areas in India are rising as the nation’s motors of monetary development, with a commitment of more than 60 for each rupee to GDP. According to Census of India, 2011, India’s urban population is presently 377 million which demonstrates a 31 percent expansion from 2001. The Report on Conditions of Work and Promotion of Livelihoods in the Unorganized Sector by the National Commission on Enterprises in the Unorganized Sector brought out in August 2007 (NCEUS, 2007) uncovers that in 2004-05, out of India’s aggregate workforce, 92 percent worked in the casual economy.
  • The majority of the poor are associated with casual division exercises where there is a consistent danger of ousting, evacuation, seizure of products and nearly non-existent government-managed savings to cover.
  • The measurements of urban destitution can be extensively partitioned into three classifications: (I) private powerlessness (access to arrive, shield, essential administrations, and so forth.); (ii) social weakness (hardships identified with factors like sexual orientation, age and social stratification, absence of social assurance, insufficient voice and investment in administration structures, and so on.) and (iii) word related defenselessness (dubious occupations, reliance on casual area for business and income, absence of professional stability, poor working conditions, and so on).

Strategy

  • Enhancing and expanding existing livelihoods options of the urban poor
  • Building skills to enable access to growing market-based job opportunities offered by emerging urban economies
  • To address livelihood concerns of the urban street vendors by facilitating access to suitable spaces, institutional credit, social security and skills to the urban street vendors for accessing emerging market opportunities.
  • Cater to the needs of especially vulnerable segments of the urban homeless like the dependent children, aged, disabled, mentally ill, and recovering patients etc., by creating special sections within homeless shelters and provisioning special service linkages for them
  • Building capacity of the urban poor, their institutions and the machinery involved in the implementation of livelihoods development and poverty alleviation programmes through handholding support
  • Training for and support to the establishment of micro-enterprises by the urban poor – self and group. Ensure availability and access for the urban homeless population to permanent 24- hour shelters including the basic infrastructural facilities like water supply, sanitation, safety and security
  • To establish strong rights-based linkages with other programmes which cover the right of the urban homeless to food, healthcare, education, etc. and ensure access for homeless populations to various entitlements, including to social security pensions, PDS, ICDS, feeding programmes, drinking water, sanitation, identity, financial inclusion, school admission etc., and to affordable housing.
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