The Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana was launched on 1 September 2001 by merging the provisions of Employment Assurance Scheme (EAS) and Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana (JGSY), by the government of India. The programme is implemented by the District Panchayats, Intermediate Panchayats and Gram Panchayats. The resources are allocated in the 20–30–50 ratio.
The Gram Panchayats commence their work based on the approval of the Gram Sabha. 50 percent of the funds for the Gram Panchayats are used for the development of infrastructure in SC/ST dominated areas. 22.5 percent of the funds allocated to District and Intermediate Panchayats are also used for the development of individuals belonging to SC/ST communities.
The employment of contractors or middlemen is not permitted under this scheme. However, this scheme was subsumed in NREGP which has been initiated since 2 Feb 2006.
All the work can be done under SGRY, in which permanent community properties are built, but on labour-based works will be emphasized on the scheme and full construction material based work cannot be done. It is also taken care that the work is sustainable and cost-effective.
Features of Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana:
- It aims to build strong communities’ wealth, employment and food security and income in rural areas.
- This program is for the support of self-goal women, scheduled tribes, scheduled castes and parents of poor children.
- To provide wages in SGRY, the families allocated to the poverty line will also be given employment every day.
- Annual expenditure for this scheme has been kept at Rs. 10,000 crores and includes 5 million tonnes of food grains.
- The ratio between this centre and the state governments for this scheme is 75:25.
- This scheme is being evaluated by the impact studies conducted by the respective institutions and organizations funded by the State / Central Government.
- Gram Sabhas can get any work as per their requirement and with the approval of Gram Sabha on the basis of available finance (money amount).
- 50% of funding is required to be used for infrastructure development in scheduled caste / scheduled tribes.
- With the allocation of Zilla panchayat and intermediate panchayat, 20-25% of assets should be terminated in the person-oriented schemes intended for scheduled caste/tribe.
SGRY Scheme Eligibility
- Through this scheme, labour employment will be provided to all the families of the village or the surrounding area.
- Under this scheme, priority will be given to agricultural workers, unskilled labourers, marginal farmers, women, and scheduled caste members.
Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana Main Goals are
(A) Primary Objectives: – To improve the food security and nutritional level through additional labour employment for the members of the families of labour-intensive in rural areas.
(B) Minor Objectives: – To create a permanent community, social and economic assets, and infrastructure development facilities in the rural areas, so that they can solve their initial problems.