The Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY) was initially introduced on 01.12.1997 after combining the earlier three schemes for urban poverty alleviation, namely Nehru Rozgar Yojana (NRY), Urban Basic Services for the Poor (UBSP), and Prime Minister’s Integrated Urban Poverty Eradication Programme (PMIUPEP). The main goal of the Scheme was to provide gainful employment to the urban unemployed or underemployed through the setting up of self-employment ventures or provision of wage employment. To overcome the difficulties faced by the States/UTs and address certain drawbacks in the implementation of SJSRY, the Guidelines of the Scheme have been revised. It is presumed that the revised guidelines will assist in the effective implementation of SJSRY and make a dent in the urban poverty scenario in the country. The Revised Guidelines will come into effect from 1.4.2009.
- Pointing urban poverty increment through gainful employment to the urban unemployed or underemployed poor by encouraging them to set up self-employment ventures (individual or group), with support for their sustainability; or undertake wage employment
- Supporting skill development and training programmes to enable the urban poor to have access to employment opportunities opened up by the market or undertake self-employment
- Making the community strong to handle the issues of urban poverty through suitable self-managed community structures like Neighborhood Groups (NHGs), Neighborhood Committees (NHC), Community Development Society (CDS), etc. The delivery of inputs under the Scheme shall be through the medium of urban local bodies and community structures
- Funding under SJSRY will be shared between the Centre and the States in the ratio of 3:1 For Special Category States (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tripura, Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, and Uttarakhand) this ratio will be 9:1 between the Centre and States.
- The Central share under SJSRY will be tentatively fixed between the States / UTs in relation to the incidence of urban poverty (the number of urban poor) estimated by the Planning Commission from time to time.
- Central funds will be distributed to the States/UTs only after they fulfil the aforesaid criteria regarding submission of Utilization Certificates (UCs) as well as the release of matching State share for the past releases. To promote for better utilization of funds under the Scheme, the idle funds at the Central level, which could not be released to the States/UTs not fulfilling the given criteria, may be diverted to better-performing States/UTs in the fourth quarter of a financial year, keeping an eye their performance and demand for additional funds.
- The release of funds to the States/UTs will be made for Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana as a whole, without segregating into components, thereby giving flexibility to them in utilizing funds. However, indicative component-wise allocation of a Central share may be intimated by the Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation to the States/UTs from time to time so as to ensure balanced coverage of all the components of SJSRY as well as better utilization of available funds.
- State/UT-wise annual physical targets under the Scheme will be unchangeable on the basis of all India targets decided by the Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation. State/UT-wise progress will be monitored against these targets and therefore the States/UTs ought to prioritize the flow of funds to different components of the Scheme so that the annual targets are achieved.
- The release of Central share to the States/UTs will be done on EMI basis. The same process will be continued over the whole year. Central share will be given to the States/UTs as soon as they become eligible in terms of the said criteria.