HRIDAY stands for Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana. As the name suggests the main focus of this scheme by the Indian government is the development of Indian Heritage cities. The scheme broadly focuses on four theme areas i.e. Physical Infrastructure, Institutional Infrastructure, Economic Infrastructure & Social Infrastructure for reviving and revitalizing the soul of Heritage City. The projects can be funded directly or through support from other stakeholders including private sector, however broad indicative list of components under HRIDAY is mentioned below, which can further be refined based on the need of the city under broad theme areas. The main objective of HRIDAY is to preserve the character of the soul of heritage city and facilitate inclusive heritage linked to urban development by exploring various avenues including involving the private sector.
Specific objectives are:
- Planning, development and implementation of heritage sensitive infrastructure.
- Service delivery and infrastructure provisioning in historic city core areas.
- Preserve and revitalize heritage wherein tourists can connect directly with the city’s unique character.
- Develop and document a heritage asset inventory of cities – natural, cultural, living and built heritage as a basis for urban planning, growth and service provision & delivery.
- Implementation and enhancement of basic services delivery with a focus on sanitation services like public conveniences, toilets, water taps, street lights with the use of latest technologies in improving tourist facilities/amenities.
- Local capacity enhancement for the inclusive heritage-based industry.
- Create effective linkages between tourism and cultural facilities and also the conservation of natural and built heritage.
- Urban heritage adaptive rehabilitation and maintenance, including appropriate technologies for historic buildings retrofitting.
- Establish and manage an effective public-private partnership for adaptive urban rehabilitation.
- Development and promotion of core tangible economic activities to enhance avenues of livelihoods amongst stakeholders. This would also include necessary skill development amongst them including making public spaces accessible and developing cultural spaces.
- Making cities informative with the use of modern ICT tools and making cities secure with modern surveillance and security apparatus like CCTV etc.
- Increase accessibility i.e. physical access (roads as well as universal design) and intellectual access (i.e. digital heritage and GIS mapping of historical locations/ tourist maps and routes).
It is a central sector scheme with 100 percent funding coming from Central Government. Cities will be required to prepare City HRIDAY Plan (CHP) for the city and develop DPRs for identified projects for availing assistance under the scheme. The CHPs will be prepared by the HRIDAY City Anchors assigned for each city and DPRs shall be developed by agencies selected by the Cities from the empanelled list prepared by the Centre. The project work will be executed by PWDs/SPVs/CPSUs/State Para-statals Contractors of repute. The project duration is for 4 years starting December 2014 and ending November 2018. NIUA is designated as HRIDAY Project Management Unit for the Scheme and will function as a secretariat for the National Mission Directorate.