The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Government of India, is led by the Cabinet Minister, Drinking Water & Sanitation. It is the major Ministry for the overall policy, planning, funding and coordination of two flagship programmes of the Government of India, namely, the National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) for rural drinking water provider and the Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) [SBM (G)] for sanitation in the country.
Swachh Bharat Mission
To speed up the efforts to achieve universal sanitation coverage and to put the focus on safe sanitation, the Prime Minister of India launched the Swachh Bharat Mission on 2nd October 2014. The Mission focuses to achieve a Swachh Bharat by 2nd October 2019, as a fitting tribute to Mahatma Gandhi on his 150th birth anniversary. Swachh Bharat, in village areas, shall mean enhancing the levels of cleanliness through Solid and Liquid Waste Management activities and making Gram Panchayats Open Defecation Free (ODF), clean and sanitized. ODF would mean the avoiding of fecal-oral transmission, defined by,
- Avoid visible feces found in the environment/village and,
- each household as well as public/community institution(s) utilizing safe technology option for disposal of feces, as defined by the Ministry.
National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP)
The National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme aimed at giving every person in rural India with adequate safe water for drinking, cooking and other domestic basic needs on a sustainable basis. Potable water is to be readily and conveniently accessible at all times and in all situations and therefore, the scheme focuses on the creation of the infrastructure. This has outcomes in the provision of significant additional resources to the sector and for the development of infrastructure and capacities for the successful operation of drinking water supply schemes in rural areas.