The National Commission for Women was established as a statutory body in January 1992 under the National Commission for Women Act, 1990 ( Act No. 20 of 1990 of Govt.of India ) to :
- revise the Constitutional and Legal safeguards for women ;
- recommend remedial legislative measures ;
- help redressal of grievances and
- advise the Government on all policy matters affecting women.
In keeping with its necessary, the Commission initiated several steps to enhance the status of women and worked for their economic empowerment during the year under report. The Commission accomplished its visits to all the States / UTs except Lakshadweep and prepared Gender Profiles to assess the status of women and their empowerment. It got a large number of complaints and acted suo-moto in several cases to provide speedy justice.
It took up the matters of child marriage, sponsored legal awareness programmes, Parivarik Mahila Lok Adalats and reviewed laws like Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961, PNDT Act 1994, Indian Penal Code 1860 and the National Commission for Women Act, 1990 to make them more stringent and effective. It manages workshops/consultations, constituted expert committees on economic empowerment of women, conducted workshops/seminars for gender awareness and took up publicity campaign against female foeticide, violence against women etc. in order to create awareness in the society against these social evils.