The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) of India was set up on 12 October 1993. The statute under which it is established is the Protection of Human Rights Act (PHRA), 1993 as altered by the Protection of Human Rights (Amendment) Act, 2006.
It is in conformity with the Paris Principles, gain at the first international workshop on national institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights held in Paris in October 1991, and endorsed by the General Assembly of the United Nations by its Regulations 48/134 of 20 December 1993.
The NHRC is an embodiment of India’s concern for the promotion and protection of human rights.
Section 2(1)(d) of the PHRA defines Human Rights as the rights concerning to life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual guaranteed by the Constitution or embodied in the International Covenants and enforceable by courts in India.
The National Human Rights Commission, India has retained its ‘A’ status of accreditation with the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions, GANHARI for the fourth consecutive term of five years. It is given to those NHRIs, which, after a rigorous step of review every five years, are found fully compliant with the UN-necessary Paris Principles. Mr. Justice H.L. Dattu, Chairperson, NHRC has presented the certificate to this effect on the occasion of the ongoing yearly meeting of GANHRI in Geneva, Switzerland from the 21st to 23rd February 2018. NHRC Member, Mr. Justice P.C. Ghose and Secretary-General, Mr. Ambuj Sharma were current on the occasion.
The NHRC, India got ‘A’ status of accreditation first time in 1999 which is retained in 2006 and 2011 reviews. It was under the steps of review for 2016, which was deferred to the second session of 2017, when the Sub Committee on Accreditation of GANHRI recommended giving ‘A’ status again to the NHRC, India in November 2017. The accreditation is given after a rigorous step of review of the NHRI by the GANHRI by its Sub Committee on Accreditation (SCA).
The United Nations’ Paris Principles give the international benchmarks against which national human rights institutions (NHRIs) can be accredited. Adopted in 1993 by the United Nations General Assembly, the Paris Principles needed NHRIs to protect human rights, covering by receiving, investigating and resolving complaints, mediating conflicts and monitoring activities; and en human rights, through education, outreach, the media, publications, training and capacity building, as well as advising and assisting the Government.