Antyodaya Anna Yojana scheme was launched by the [NDA] government on 25 December 2000 and was implemented in the Indian state of Rajasthan firstly. It is an Indian government scheme which is basically run by the central government.
The main purpose of this scheme is to provide highly subsidized food to millions of the poorest families. In this scheme, the government has to identify the poor families through extensive surveying and provide them food at a rate of Rs.2 per kg for wheat and Rs.3 per kg for rice. Poor families were identified by their respective state rural development facilities through the use of surveys. After the identification of beneficiaries (AAY family), AAY ration cards will be issued to the Antyodaya families by the designated authority. The ration card will contain details regarding the Antyodaya family and scale of the ration. The scheme has been expanded twice, once in June 2003 and then in August 2004, adding an additional 5,000,000 BPL (Below poverty line) families each time and bringing the total number of families covered up to 20,000,000.
Features of Antyodaya Anna Yojana:
- All individuals under AAY scheme will get food and other important commodities for daily needs in the subsidized process.
- Distribution of food grains to the individual will be done through the public distribution system.
Central and State Government of India is identifying the beneficiary for AAY scheme. Once the Government identified, AAY family will provide with a different colour of ration card. This card, also called the PDS yellow card, acts as a form of identification, proving that the bearer is authorized to receive the level of rations the card describes. The colour of the card is green. The monthly
- Early allocation of foodgrains under Antyodaya Anna Yojana is around 8.51 lakh tones per month.
Eligibility for Antyodaya Anna Yojana
Eligibility criteria for Antyodaya Anna Yojana are given here.
- Family members falling under Below Poverty line can apply for this scheme
- The annual income of Rs.15000 below families are eligible
- Disabled persons can apply for this scheme
- Widows and senior citizen of 60 years who heading a family can apply
- Tribal Families in the rural and mountain areas is eligible for this scheme
The documents required to apply Antyodaya Anna Yojana is discussed here.
- BPL certificate
- Income Certificate
- Deletion certificate or Affidavit saying that the applicant does not hold any Ration card previously.
The allotment of rice or wheat totally depends on the locality and the food culture where the family resides. If a family belongs to any state where the major consumption of food is in the form of rice then the subsidy will be given on the rice. In the same way, if food culture of any family or any state is basically wheat then subsidy will be given on wheat. Ministry of food and safety in central government looks after this process.