NFSM stands for National Food Security Mission. NFSM was introduced in 2007-08 with a goal to increase the production of rice, wheat, and pulses by 10 million tonnes, 8 million tonnes, and 2 million tonnes respectively by the end of the Eleventh Plan (viz. March 2012).
The major component of NFSM:
- National Food Security Mission – Rice (NFSM-Rice)
- National Food Security Mission – Wheat (NFSM-Wheat)
- National Food Security Mission – Pulses (NFSM-Pulses)
- National Food Security Mission – Coarse cereals (NFSM-Coarse cereals)
- National Food Security Mission – Commercial crops (NFSM-Commercial crops)
The Mission met with a staggering achievement and accomplished the focused on the extra creation of rice, wheat, and heartbeats. The Mission kept amid twelfth Five Year Plan with new focuses of the extra creation of sustenance grains of 25 million tons of nourishment grains including 10 million tons rice, 8 million tons of wheat, 4 million tons of heartbeats and 3 million tons of coarse oats before the finish of Twelfth Five Year Plan. Considering the experience and input got from the States real changes were made in approach, standards of money related help and program usage system which are reflected in the updated operational rules.
In view of past involvement and execution of twelfth Plan, it has been chosen to proceed with the program past twelfth arrangement i.e. 2017-18 to 2019-20, which is co-ed with Fourteenth Finance Commission (FFC) period with new focuses to accomplish 13 million tons of extra foodgrains creation involving Rice – 5 million tons, Wheat-3 million tons, Pulses-3 million tons and Coarse Cereals-2 million tons by 2019-20.
During XI Plan, NFSM-Rice was implemented in 144 districts of 16 states, NFSMWheat in 142 districts of 9 states and NFSM-Pulses in 468 districts of 16 states. From the year 2012-13, six (6) NE states, viz. Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim have been included under NFSM-Rice and two Hill states, viz., Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand under NFSM-Rice and Wheat and J&K under NFSM-Wheat.
Thus, the NFSM was implemented during 2012-13 and 2013-14 in 27 states of the country. Area Coverage under NFSM from 2014-15 onwards: NFSM-coarse cereals and Commercial crops viz., Cotton, Jute, and Sugarcane have been included under revamped NFSM. From 2014-15, NFSM was implemented in 623 districts of 28 states.
NFSM-Rice was implemented in 206 districts of 25 states. NFSM-Wheat was implemented in 126 districts of 11 states. NFSM-Pulses was implemented in 622 districts of 27 states and NFSM-Coarse cereals were implemented in 264 districts of 28 states. Area Coverage under NFSM from 2015-16 onwards: From 2015-16, NFSM is implemented in 623 districts of 28 states. NFSM-Rice is being implemented in 194 districts of 25 states. NFSM-Wheat is being implemented in 126 districts of 11 states. NFSM-Pulses is being implemented in 622 districts of 27 states and NFSM-Coarse cereals are being implemented in 265 districts of 28 states. Area Coverage under NFSM from 2016-17 onwards: From 2016-17, NFSM is implemented in 638 districts of 29 states. NFSM-Rice is being implemented in 194 districts of 25 states. NFSM-Wheat is