Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana is sponsored by the central government of India. This scheme is launched for integrated development of Scheduled Castes (SC) majority villages having SC Population concentration > 50%. The Convergent implementation of existing Schemes of the Centre and State Governments. The works which could not be covered under the above, to be taken up through the provision of “gap-filling” funds for which central assistance is provided @ Rs. 10 lakh per village revised to Rs. 20 lakhs per village at an average w.e.f. Sep. 2011, with the State Government, also expected to make a suitable, preferably matching, contribution.
Main objectives of Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana-
A Model village is one which has adequate physical and institutional infrastructure, in which minimum needs of all sections of the society are fully met; they live in harmony with each other, as also with the environment, and a village which is progressive and dynamic. These villages should be covered with all the facilities necessary for dignified living, creating thereby an environment in which all its residents are enabled to utilize their potential to the fullest. These villages should, inter alia, satisfy the following norms:
- Should have an Anganwadi centre and schools of appropriate levels.
- The village should have an adequate and attractive building for its Anganwadi, school, health centre, panchayat, and community hall. The village should have an adequate facility for sports and other physical activities.
- All children in the age group of 3-6 should be enrolled in, and regularly attend the Anganwadi. Likewise, all children in the 6-14 age group should be enrolled in, and regularly attend school.
- All adults should be at least functionally literate and should have access to facilities for continuing education.
- Access for all to primary health care and Reproductive Child Health (RCH) facilities, with proper pre-natal and ante-natal care for mothers.
- 100% institutional deliveries, full immunization of children, and observance of the small family norm.
- The village as a community should take special care of its women, children (especially girls), senior citizens, and persons with disabilities.
- There should be no public consumption of liquor or any other intoxicating substances, and their use, in general, should be discouraged.
- The village should have an active Gram Sabha/Gram Panchayat, women’s/swarozgaris’ Self-help Group, youth club, and Mahila Mandal.
- There should be no caste-based discrimination, complete eradication of untouchability, and a due sense of security and dignity among the weaker sections.
- Residents of the village should be aware of and exercise their constitutional and legal rights. Likewise, they should also be aware of and discharge their fundamental and civic duties.
- Should be connected to the nearest major road by an all-weather road. Likewise, in the case of a multi-hamlet village, all hamlets should be connected with each other by an all-weather road.
- Access for all to safe drinking water on a sustainable basis.
- All houses should have electricity.
- The village should have slush-free internal roads and adequate street lighting.
- The village should have adequate communication facilities, such as post-office, telephones, and, if possible, internet, and Bharat Nirman Common Service Centre (being established by the Dept. of Information Technology).
- Availability of adequate banking facilities through regular (brick and mortar) branches in the village or in close proximity, and through Business Correspondent/Business Facilitator Model.
- All residents should have adequate housing, and there should be no homeless family.
- The village should have a high degree of sanitation- it should be free from dry latrines, and open defecation, and should have sanitary toilets, drains and an efficient waste disposal system. It should, as far as possible, fulfil “Nirmal Gram Puraskar” norms.
- The Village should take care of its environment through (1) planting trees, (2) water harvestation and maintenance of water bodies (3) use of renewable sources of energy, such as biogas, solar energy, wind energy, (4) use of smokeless chulhas, etc.