Integrated Low-Cost Sanitation Scheme is correctly seen as an important solution to the dehumanizing practice of carrying night soil. With this in concept, the Scheme envisages to convert dry latrines into low-cost sanitation units of two pit pour flush latrines and to construct low-cost sanitation units to EWS households who have no latrines in the urban areas of the country.
The Centrally Sponsored Scheme of less Cost Sanitation for Liberation of Scavengers started from 1980-81 initially through the Ministry of Home Affairs and later on through the Ministry of Welfare. From 1989-90, it came to be managed by the Ministry of Urban Development and later on through Ministry of Urban Employment and Poverty Alleviation now titled Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation.
The goal of the Scheme is to convert low-cost sanitation units through sanitary two pits pour flush latrines with superstructure and appropriate variations to suit local conditions (area specific latrines) and construct new latrines where EWS household have no latrines and follow the inhuman practice of defecating in the open in urban areas. This would enhance overall sanitation in the towns.
- The major components are Central Subsidy 75%, State Subsidy 15% and beneficiary share 10% and will be funded in the following manner:
- The Central Subsidy will be granted into two installments, 25% will be released immediately after the approval of the Scheme. The second installment will be granted only after the actual demand of implementing agencies on their utilization capacity and field level demand.
- The upper ceiling cost of Rs.10,000/- is funded for the total unit of a two pit pour flush individual latrine with superstructure (excluding States falling in difficult/ hilly areas). For the States falling in the category of rough and hilly areas, 25% extra cost is provided for every two pits pour flush latrine.
- IEC Activities: 1% of total central allocation will be retained by the Ministry every year, be used for MIS, Monitoring System, Capacity Building and IEC components. States may also use to keep aside 1% of their allocation under this scheme for MIS, Monitoring System, Capacity Building and IEC Components.