ISRO reported on Twitter-
— ISRO (@isro) August 20, 2019
According to ISRO, Chandrayaan2 will shed light on a completely unexplored region of the Moon, the South Pole. The mission’s success will make India, the fourth country after Russia, US, and China to make a smooth landing on the Moon.
Since its launch on 22 July, Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft had been in the orbit of the Earth. There were a series of orbit-raising, the probe proceeded five times on the orbit from 23 July to 6 August before it left the Earth’s orbit this week when the final orbit-raising was done. The ISRO had earlier this month published the first set of images of Earth captured by Chandrayaan-2.
The spacecraft will be required to go through another 4 stages of the orbit manoeuvering to get into the last orbit. This process of manoeuvering in the lunar orbit will be taking place from 21 August to 1 September.
Once the spacecraft reaches the final orbit of the Moon, it will be separating the Vikram lander from itself on 2 September. The Vikram lander will then go through two more orbit manoeuvers before the initiation of powered descent to make the soft landing on the surface of the Moon on 7 September.
The Vikram lander will be landing on the southern pole of the Moon which has so far been unexplored. According to the ISRO, the Moon’s surface in the south pole is in the shadows more than the surface in the north pole. After it successfully lands, the spacecraft will rollout the rover for exploring the surface of the Moon there.