The Rehabilitation Council of India (RCI) was established as a registered society in 1986. On September 1992 the RCI Act was enacted by Parliament and it came as a Statutory Body on 22 June 1993. The Act was altered by Parliament in 2000 to make it more broad-based. The rules given to RCI is to regulate and monitor services given to persons with disability, to standardize syllabi and to maintain a Central Rehabilitation Register of all qualified professionals and personnel working in the field of Rehabilitation and Special Education. The Act also states that punitive action against unqualified persons delivering services to persons with disability.
The Rehabilitation Council of India (RCI) is the main governing body, established under an Act of Parliament, to regulate training programmes and courses targeted at disabled, disadvantaged, and special education requirement communities. It is the only statutory council in India that is needed to maintain the Central Rehabilitation Register which mainly documents details of all qualified professionals who operate and deliver training and educational programmes for the targeted communities. In the year 2000, the Rehabilitation Council of India (Amendment) Act, 2000, was launched and notified consequently by the government of India. The amendment brought definitions and discussions given within the earlier Rehabilitation Council of India Act, 1992, under the ambit of a larger act, namely, Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995.