To provide connectivity to unconnected Habitations as part of a poverty reduction strategy government of India has come up with new yojana namely, Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana. A survey by the state government, to identify core network as a part of PMGSY programme, about 1.67 lakh Unconnected Habitations are eligible for coverage under the programme. This involves the construction of about 3.71 lakh km. of roads for New Connectivity and 3.68 lakh km. under upgradation. The PMGSY will permit the Upgradation (to prescribed standards) of the existing roads in those Districts where all the eligible Habitations of the designated population size (refer Para 2.1 above) have been provided all-weather road connectivity. However, it must be noted that Upgradation is not central to the Programme. In Upgradation works, priority should be given to Through Routes of the Rural Core Network, which carry more traffic.
Once the Core Network is prepared, it is possible to estimate the length of roads for New Connectivity as well as upgradation for every District. States may, each year, distribute the State’s Allocation among the Districts giving 80% on the basis of road length required for providing connectivity to Unconnected Habitations and 20% on the basis of road length requiring Upgradation under the PMGSY. The District-wise allocation of funds would also be communicated to the Ministry / NRRDA / and STA every year by the State Government.
In making the District-wise allocation, the road lengths already taken up under the PMGSY or any other Programme may be excluded (even if the road works are still under execution). The figures for new construction length will thus keep on changing every year till such time as all Unconnected Habitations (of the eligible population size) have been covered in the District.
In addition to the allocation to the States, a special allocation of up to 5% of the annual allocation from the Rural Roads share of the Diesel Cess will be made for:
- Districts sharing borders with Pakistan and China (in coordination with Ministry of Home Affairs)
- Districts sharing borders with Myanmar, Bangladesh, and Nepal (in coordination with Ministry of Home Affairs)
- Left Wing Extremists areas in the Districts identified by the Ministry of Home Affairs
- Extremely backward Districts (as identified by the Planning Commission) which can be categorized as Special Problem Areas
- Research & Development Projects and innovations.
The Government has brought forward the target date by three years from 2022 to 2019 to achieve complete rural connectivity through all-weather roads under Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana, PMGSY. This accelerated implementation will be achieved by providing enhanced financial allocation and through a modified funding pattern in the Scheme. Thus the annual allocation during the year 2015-16 is to be enhanced by Rs. 5,000 crores and with this, the total Central allocation to States would be Rs. 15,100 crore. 29,000 new habitations will be connected between 2015 to 2017.