Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LEDs and Appliances for All (UJALA), popularly known as Unit Jyoti by Affordable LEDs for All, was introduced by Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi on 1 May 2015, replacing the “Bachat Lamp Yojana”. The scheme is spearheaded by the Energy Efficiency Services Limited. In non-subsidized LED lamp distribution scheme, this scheme is considered the world’s largest. In May 2017, the Government of India introduced that they were expanding the LED distribution project to the United Kingdom.
With the backing off of the Goods & Services Tax (GST) from July 1, the government has revamped the prices of energy-efficient appliances distributed under a flagship scheme focused at expanding the availability of such electrical products. The project — Unnat Jeevan by Affordable LEDs and Appliances for All (UJALA) — was introduced by the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government in 2015 with a target of replacing 77 Crore inefficient bulbs with Energy Efficient LED Bulbs.
‘“The 9W LED bulbs are marked at Rs70, 20W LED tube light Rs 220 and 5-star rated fans will be available at Rs 1,200 only,” a statement issued by Energy efficiency services Limited (EESL) said. Approx cumulative cost reduction in bills of consumers per year would be around Rs 12,963 crores along with the reduction of 2.62 crore tonnes of carbon emission per year.
Energy efficiency is the new mantra when it comes to saving the operational value. Reason for being energy optimally used leads to cost reduction in the long run on inputs required to generate power. As questioned to Saurabh Kumar, Managing Director of Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL), a venture operated by NTPC Limited along with Power Finance Corporation, Rural Electrification Corporation, and Powergrid, on how this works on the ground. “It is easy. It makes investments flow for you,” says Kumar. Consider EESL’s Unnat Jeevan by Affordable LED and Appliances for All (UJALA) scheme. It was introduced in 2015 as the National LED programme before being renamed UJALA. Till date from this scheme, 25 crores LED bulbs have replaced the traditional ones with an investment of about ₹1,500 crore.
This has guided to energy savings of over 3275 kWh of power and helped avoid 6,600 MW of peak power demand, which is roughly equivalent to the combined output of six thermal power plants with 1000 MW capacity. As stated by some estimates, this has helped save a whopping ₹40,000 crore, apart from the saving on coal. This drastic saving potential can be explained if 77 crore incandescent bulbs are replaced with LED bulbs under UJALA. Then the total cutting in connected load is estimated to be 20,000 MW and energy savings of 10,000 crore kWh every year. This escort to a saving in annual consumer electricity bills of ₹40,000 crore, considering average tariff of ₹4 per kWh.
EESL has managed to change conventional bulbs by introducing over 30 lakh LED lights during 2014-15. This increased up to 15 crores in 2015-16 and to 40 crores in 2016-17. It is anticipated to distribute another 55 to 60 crore LED bulbs during the 2017-18 fiscal. What has substantially enriched overall savings is that the price of LED bulbs has fallen from ₹450-500 per bulb to about ₹100-150 last year and to ₹70 now. The pacing up the popularity of LED bulbs will finally settle its price at about ₹80-100 and LED tubes at ₹300-450.
It is anticipated that the lighting sector accounts for about 20 percent of the country’s total energy consumption. By changing inefficient lighting devices, the savings could be about 30 percent. Unnat Jeevan by Affordable LEDs and Appliances for All has already resulted in energy savings of 55.7 million units, reduced carbon emissions of over 45,000 times. So far, over 25 lakh LED bulbs, 28.3 lakh LED tube lights and 10.3 lakh energy efficient fans have been distributed across the country.