Cities and towns together make India the world’s second largest urban system. They contribute over half of the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and are central to economic growth. For these cities to realize their full potential and become true engines of growth, it is necessary that focused attention is given to the improvement of infrastructure therein. For achieving this objective, a Mission mode approach is essential.
- Focused attention to integrated development of basic services to the urban poor Security of tenure at an affordable price, improved housing, water supply, sanitation;
- Conserving services in the fields of education, health, and social security
- Providing houses facility near the urban area or the area of work as far as possible
- Effective linking between asset creation and asset management to ensure efficiency and safety
- Increasing up delivery of civic amenities and provision of utilities with emphasis on universal access to urban poor.
- Ensuring sufficient investment of funds to fulfil deficiencies in the basic services to the urban poor.
- Sub-mission I is Urban Infrastructure and Governance (UIG)
- Sub-mission II is Basic Services to the Urban Poor Urban (BSUP)
Purchase of Buses:
- Under the second package announced by the Government on 2.1.2009, it has been decided that States, as a onetime measure up to 30.6.2009 would be provided assistance under the JNNURM for the purchase of buses for their urban transport systems.
- Accordingly, under the scheme launched by the Ministry of Urban Development, a total of 15260 buses have been approved for 61 JNNURM cities at a total cost of Rs.4723.94 crore out of which total admissible Central Assistance would be Rs.2088.05 crore.
Progress in UIG Component:
- For Urban Infrastructure and Governance (UIG) component Additional Central Assistance (ACA) for was increased from Rs 25,500 crore to Rs 31,500 crore for the Year 2009.
- Under the UIG component of JNNURM, 20 projects were sanctioned during 2009, bringing a total number of projects sanctioned under the UIG component since inception (i.e. since 3rd December 2005) to 481.
Progress in UIDSSMT component:
- Seven-year allocation for the Urban Infrastructure Development for Small and Medium Towns (UIDSSMT) component was raised from Rs 6400 crore to Rs 11,400 crore in the Year 2009.
- The Asian Development Bank assisted North Eastern Region Urban Development Programme (NERUDP) covering Agartala, Shillong, Aizawl, Kohima, and Gangtok
- Scheme for infrastructure development in the satellite towns around the seven megacities.
Establishment of City Voluntary Technical Corp. (CVTC)
- City Volunteer Technical Corps (CVTC’s) and City Technical Advisory Groups (CTAG’s) are voluntary groups of professionally qualified persons in the sectors of urban planning, urban governance, urban engineering, legal and financial services, and urban poverty.
- Their setting up was being facilitated by the National Technical Advisory Group (NTAG) on request of the ULBs.
Community Participation Fund
- A Community Participation Fund (CPF) has been established on 4.6.2007 by the Mission Directorate with the initial corpus of Rs. 100 crore with the provision of Rs.90 crore for the projects during the remaining years of mission period.
- So far CPF has been approved 39 proposals under.