What is the National Bamboo Mission?


National Bamboo Mission

A bamboo is a versatile group of plants which is capable of giving ecological, economic and livelihood security to the people. Currently, it has remained confined to the forests (12.8% of forest cover); two third of the growing stock located in the North-Eastern States. The significance of the crop as a source of raw material for industrial and domestic use with its growing demand all over the country necessitated its cultivation in farmlands as well.

With an ability to harness the potential of the bamboo crop, Department of Agriculture & Cooperation (DAC), Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare is implementing a 100% Centrally Sponsored Scheme called Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH) in which National Bamboo Mission (NBM) is being implemented as a subscheme.

The Mission envisages advertising holistic growth of the bamboo sector by adopting area-based, regionally differentiated strategy and to increase the area under bamboo cultivation and marketing. Under the Mission, steps have been taken to increase the availability of quality planting material by supporting the organizing up of new nurseries and strengthening of existing ones. To look forward to integration, the Mission is taking steps to strengthen the marketing of bamboo products, especially those of handicraft items.

Objectives

  • To enhance the growth of the bamboo sector through as an area based regionally differentiated strategy;
  • To increase the coverage of area under bamboo in potential areas, with improved varieties to promote yields;
  • To enhance marketing of bamboo and bamboo based handicrafts;
  • To promote convergence and synergy among stakeholders for the development of bamboo;
  • To enhance, develop and disseminate technologies through a seamless blend of traditional wisdom and modern scientific knowledge.
  • To create employment opportunities for skilled and unskilled persons, especially unemployed youths.

States/ districts covered

The Mission will aim at the development of bamboo in limited States where it has social, commercial and economic advantage, particularly in the North Eastern region and States including Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Karnataka, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Jharkhand, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala.

The Mission is expected to set up about 4000 treatment/ product development units and bring more than 100000 ha area under plantation during the period 2018-19 & 2019-20.

Strategy

To achieve the above goals, the Mission would adopt the following strategies:

  • Take up a coordinated approach covering production and marketing to assure appropriate returns to growers/producers.
  • Establish Research and Development (R&D) of varieties and technologies for enhanced production.
  • Enrich acreage (in forest and non-forest areas) and productivity of bamboo through varietal change and improved agriculture practice.
  • Enhance partnership, convergence, and synergy among R&D and marketing agencies in public as well as private sectors, at all levels.
  • Enhance where appropriate, cooperatives and self-help groups to ensure support and adequate returns to farmers.
  • To create employment opportunities for skilled and unskilled persons, especially unemployed youths.
  • Set up National, State, and sub-State level structures, to ensure minimum returns for the produce of the farmers and eliminate middlemen, to the extent possible.

Key elements of National Bamboo Mission

  • Research and Development
  • Plantation infrastructure development
  • Production of Planting Material
  • Area expansion under Bamboo
  • Improvement of Existing Stock
  • Technology Transfer & HRD
  • Pest and disease management of bamboo
  • Creation of Water resources
  • Innovative Interventions
  • Postharvest storage and treatment facilities for bamboo
  • Establishment of marketing infrastructure
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