Haradanahalli Doddegowda Deve Gowda (born 18 May 1933) is an Indian politician who worked as the 11th Prime Minister of India from 1 June 1996 to 21 April 1997. Gowda was previously the 14th Chief Minister of Karnataka from 1994 to 1996. He is a representative of the 16th Lok Sabha, representing the Hassan constituency of Karnataka, and is the National President of the Janata Dal (Secular) party.
Early life and family
Gowda was born on 18 May 1933 in Haradanahalli, a village in Holenarasipura taluk, of the erstwhile Kingdom of Mysore (now in Hassan, Karnataka) into a Vokkaliga caste family, which is categorized as an Other Backward Class by the Indian government. His father Dodde Gowda was a paddy farmer and mother, Devamma. Gowda earned a diploma in civil engineering from L. V. Polytechnic, Hassan, in the late 1950s. He married Chennamma in 1954. They have six children together: four sons including politician H. D. Revanna and H. D. Kumaraswamy is present Chief Minister of Karnataka. and two daughters.
Gowda joined the Indian National Congress party in 1953 and remained a member until 1962. During that period, he was President of Anjaneya Cooperative Society of Holenarasipura and later became a member of the Taluk Development Board of Holenarasipura. Gowda was twice the President of the state unit of the Janata Party. He served as a minister in the Janata Party Government in Karnataka headed by Ramakrishna Hegde from 1983 to 1988. He became President of the state unit of Janata Dal in 1994 and was the driving force behind the victory of the party in the 1994 State Assembly elections. He was chosen from the Ramanagara sworn in as the 14th Chief Minister of Karnataka in December.
In January 1995, Gowda toured Switzerland and attended the Forum of International Economists. His tour to Singapore brought in foreign investment to the State. In the 1996 general elections, the Congress party headed by P. V. Narasimha Rao lost decisively but no other party won enough seats to form a government. When the United Front (a conglomeration of non-Congress and non-BJP regional parties) decided to form the Government at the Centre with the support of the Congress, Deve Gowda was unexpectedly chosen to head the government and became the 11th Prime Minister of India.
- 1962–89: Member, Karnataka Legislative Assembly (seven terms)
- 1972–76: Leader of Opposition, Karnataka Legislative Assembly
- 1983–88: Minister for Public Works and Irrigation, Government of Karnataka
- 1991: Elected to 10th Lok Sabha
- 1991–94: Committee on Commerce Member, Joint Parliamentary Committee on Fertilizers Member, Consultative Committee, Ministry of Agriculture
- 1994: President, Janata Dal, Karnataka.
- 1994– 96: Chief Minister of Karnataka
- Jun. 1996 – Apr. 1997: Prime Minister of India and also in charge of Ministries/Departments of Petroleum and Chemicals, Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, Atomic Energy, Home Affairs, Agriculture, Food Processing Industries, Urban Affairs, and Employment and Non-Conventional Energy Sources
- 1996– 98: Member, Rajya Sabha
- Nov. 1996-Apr. 1997: Leader of the House, Rajya Sabha
- 1998: Re-elected to 12th Lok Sabha (2nd term). National President, Janata Dal (Secular)
- 2002: Re-elected to 13th Lok Sabha in a by-election (3rd term)
- 2004: Re-elected to 14th Lok Sabha (4th term)
- 2006– 2008: Member, Committee on Railways
- 2009: Re-elected to 15th Lok Sabha (5th term)
- 31 Aug 2009: Member, Committee on Defence
- 2014: Re-elected to 16th Lok Sabha (6th term)
- 1 Sep 2014: Member, Standing Committee on Defence