Ranjan Gogoi (born 18 November 1954) is an Indian judge working as the 46th and current Chief Justice of India since 3 October 2018. His father Keshab Chandra Gogoi was a Chief minister ambit of the Indian National Congress regime in the state of Assam in the year 1982. He is the first person from Northeast India and the first Assamese to become Chief Justice of India.
Gogoi was nominated at the Bar in 1978 and practiced at the Gauhati High Court of which he was made a Permanent Judge on 28 February 2001. He was transferred to the Punjab and Haryana High Court on 9 September 2010 and became its Chief Justice on 12 February 2011. He was transferred as a Judge of the Supreme Court on 23 April 2012. On 3 October 2018, Ranjan Gogoi took the oath of office of the chief justice of India, thus succeeding Dipak Misra.
On 12 January 2018, Justices Ranjan Gogoi along with Justices J Chelameswar, M B Lokur, and Kurian Joseph of the Supreme Court of India, for the initial time in the history of the Supreme Court, held a press conference, alleging problems plaguing the Supreme Court, failure in the justice delivery system and allocation of cases. In the press meet, the four judges told journalists that the press conference was prompted by the issue of allocating to Justice Arun Mishra, the case of the death of special CBI Judge B.H.Loya. Loya was a special CBI judge who had died in December 2014. Justice Loya was hearing the Sohrabuddin Sheikh case of 2004, in which police officers and BJP chief Amit Shah are named. After that Justice Arun Mishra recused himself from the case. Justice Chelameswar retired on June 30, 2018, leaving Justice Ranjan Gogoi as the second senior-most judge of the Supreme Court of India followed by Justices M B Lokur and Kurian Joseph.